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Exp Cell Res. 2018 Sep 15;370(2):237-244. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2018.06.024. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Staphylococcal enterotoxin C2 stimulated the maturation of bone marrow derived dendritic cells via TLR-NFκB signaling pathway.

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Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China. Electronic address:
Chengda Biotechnology Co.Ltd., Liaoning, China.
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China.


As a kind of superantigen, staphylococcal enterotoxin C2 (SEC2) is well known as a powerful immunomodulator. However, most previous studies about SEC2 focus on its T cell activating characters. But the direct effect of SEC2 on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) which are important for the T cell activation is not clearly. In this study, we investigated the effect of SEC2 on murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) which are known as the specialized professional APCs. Contrary to its effects on T cells, SEC2 could not induce proliferation or cytotoxicity to BMDCs even in high concentrations. While SEC2 could promote the mature of BMDCs with increased expression of co-stimulatory molecules on cell membrane such as CD80, CD86, and MHC II. The production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-6 were also increased in BMDCs treated with SEC2. We also found that SEC2 enhanced the genes expression of pattern recognition receptors including toll-like receptors 2 (TLR2) and TLR4 in BMDCs, and up-regulated the key signal molecule MyD88 in both mRNA and protein levels. In addition, SEC2 also caused IκBα degradating and NFκB p65 translocating from the cytoplasm to the nucleus in BMDCs. The siRNAs for both TLR2 and TLR4, as well as NFκB specific inhibitor BAY 11-7085 could inhibit the co-stimulatory molecules expression and pro-inflammatory cytokines releasing induced by SEC2. Moreover, TLR2/4 specific siRNAs inhibited p65 and MyD88 upregulation induced by SEC2. In summary, all our results indicated that SEC2 could stimulate BMDCs maturation through TLR-NFκB signaling pathways.


Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells; NFκB; Staphylococcal enterotoxin C2; Toll like receptors

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