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Mutat Res. 1985 Sep;146(2):149-54.

Ability of various alkylating agents to induce adaptive and SOS responses: a study with lacZ fusion.


We used alkA'-lacZ' and umuC'-lacZ' fused genes and determined the ability of various alkylating agents to induce adaptive and SOS responses. The degree of induction of expression of these genes was quantitatively measured by a simple colorimetric assay of beta-galactosidase activity. SN1 type methylating agents, such as N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea, were more effective inducers for the alkA than for the umuC system, while SN1 type ethylating agents, such as N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea, were more potent inducers for the umuC than for the alkA system. Similar but less striking effects on the two systems were obtained with SN2 type alkylating agents.

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