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Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2018 Jun 25;19(6):1661-1669.

Assessment of Depression and Anxiety in Breast Cancer Patients: Prevalence and Associated Factors

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Technological Educational Institute of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece. Email: ktsa@teilar.gr

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Having breast cancer or receiving treatment has been seen as a traumatic experience for women due to its impacts on their self-image and sexual relationship, and may lead to an psychological reactions such as denial, anger, or intense fear toward their disease and treatment process. Also many of breast cancer patients have psychiatric morbidities such as depression and anxiety.

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression and anxiety in breast cancer patients, in order to identify independent predictors of mental health disorders risk.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A cohort of 152 breast cancer patients who were attending an outpatient oncology department was recruited. Data were collected with a structured questionnaire consisted by social, clinical and demographic information and PHQ-2 and GAD-2 scales.

RESULTS:

The mean age of the patients was 53.25 years (SD=12.10), 69.7% of the patients underwent mastectomy and 30.3% ongectomy. Chemotherapy received 46.1% of patients as adjuvant therapy, 15.8% radiotherapy and 38.2% received both chemotherapy and radiotherapy. A large percentage found to be classified as depressed (38.2%) and anxious (32.2%) and factors that found to be associated were age, marital status, educational level, stage of cancer from univariate analyses and place of residence, religion, symptoms burden from multivariate analysis (for depression and anxiety).

CONCLUSIONS:

Breast cancer patients are in high risk for developing psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. Being rural resident, non-Orthodox Christian and experiencing extend symptom burden can be predicting factors associated with depression and anxiety in breast cancer patients.

KEYWORDS:

Psychological distress; depression; anxiety; breast cancer; predictors

PMID:
29938451
PMCID:
PMC6103579
DOI:
10.22034/APJCP.2018.19.6.1661
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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