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J Surg Oncol. 2018 Jul;118(1):144-149. doi: 10.1002/jso.25109. Epub 2018 Jun 24.

Staged margin-controlled excision (SMEX) for lentigo maligna melanoma in situ.

Author information

1
Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
2
Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
3
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

No consensus exists regarding the best surgical strategy to achieve clear surgical margins while minimizing tissue excision when definitely excising lentigo maligna melanoma in situ (LM). The staged margin controlled excision (SMEX) technique is a modification of the spaghetti technique that allows surgeons to minimize margins and ensure complete excision of LM.

OBJECTIVES:

Our objectives were twofold: a) to evaluate the effectiveness of SMEX for treatment of LM and b) detail the SMEX technique.

METHODS:

A retrospective chart review of adult patients who underwent the SMEX technique for treatment of LM from 2011 to 2016 was conducted.

RESULTS:

Twenty-four patients were identified with predominantly facial lesions. The mean defect size was 12.1 cm2 . A mean number of two SMEX procedures, with an average margin of 9 mm, were required to obtain complete excision of the LM. Using SMEX, we achieved 100% clearance of LM over a median follow up period of 18 months, with a range of 1-63 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

SMEX offers a reliable surgical excision method that ensures complete excision of LM in a cosmetically sensitive manner. The recurrence outcomes of SMEX are comparable, if not better, than those of alternative excision techniques in the literature.

KEYWORDS:

definitive excision; lentigo maligna melanoma in situ; margin control; spaghetti technique; staged excision

PMID:
29936706
DOI:
10.1002/jso.25109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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