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Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 22;8(1):9570. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-27888-y.

Cooperative light scattering from helical-phase-imprinted atomic rings.

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Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.
Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.


We theoretically investigate the light scattering of super- and subradiant states of an atomic ring prepared by single excitation with a photon which carries an orbital angular momentum (OAM). For excitations with linear polarizations, the helical phase imprinted (HPI) atomic ring presents a discrete C4 rotational symmetry when number of atoms N = 4n with integers n, while for circular polarizations with arbitrary N, the continuous and C N symmetries emerge for the super- and subradiant modes, respectively. The HPI superradiant modes predominantly scatter photons in the forward-backward direction, and the forward scattering can be further enhanced as atomic rings are stacked along the excitation direction. The HPI subradiant modes then preferentially scatter photons in the transversal directions, and when rings are stacked concentrically and on a plane, crossover from sub- to superradiance is observed which leads to splitting and localization of the far-field scattering patterns in the polar angle. The HPI super- and subradiant states are thus detectable through measuring the far-field radiation patterns, which further allow quantum storage and detection of a single photon with an OAM.

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