Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 Sep;17(9):2013-2023. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-17-1240. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Induction of Thioredoxin-Interacting Protein by a Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor, Entinostat, Is Associated with DNA Damage and Apoptosis in Esophageal Adenocarcinoma.

Author information

1
Thoracic and Oncologic Surgery Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland.
2
Urologic Oncology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland.
3
Developmental Therapeutics Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland.
4
Section of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
5
Thoracic and Oncologic Surgery Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland. Taylor.Ripley@nih.gov.

Abstract

In 2017, an estimated 17,000 individuals were diagnosed with esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), and less than 20% will survive 5 years. Positron emission tomography avidity is indicative of high glucose utilization and is nearly universal in EAC. TXNIP blocks glucose uptake and exhibits proapoptotic functions. Higher expression in EAC has been associated with improved disease-specific survival, lack of lymph node involvement, reduced perineural invasion, and increased tumor differentiation. We hypothesized that TXNIP may act as a tumor suppressor that sensitizes EAC cells to standard chemotherapeutics. EAC cell lines and a Barrett epithelial cell line were used. qRT-PCR, immunoblot, and immunofluorescence techniques evaluated gene expression. TXNIP was stably overexpressed or knocked down using lentiviral RNA transduction techniques. Murine xenograft methods examined growth following overexpression of TXNIP. Apoptosis and DNA damage were measured by annexin V and γH2AX assays. Activation of the intrinsic apoptosis was quantitated with green fluorescence protein-caspase 3 reporter assay. In cultured cells and an esophageal tissue array, TXNIP expression was higher in Barrett epithelia and normal tissue compared with EAC. Constitutive overexpression of TXNIP decreased proliferation, clonogenicity, and tumor xenograft growth. TXNIP overexpression increased, whereas knockdown abrogated, DNA damage and apoptosis following cisplatin treatment. An HDAC inhibitor, entinostat (currently in clinical trials), upregulated TXNIP and synergistically increased cisplatin-mediated DNA damage and apoptosis. TXNIP is a tumor suppressor that is downregulated in EACC. Its reexpression dramatically sensitizes these cells to cisplatin. Our findings support phase I/II evaluation of "priming" strategies to enhance the efficacy of conventional chemotherapeutics in EAC. Mol Cancer Ther; 17(9); 2013-23. ©2018 AACR.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center