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Infect Genet Evol. 2018 Oct;64:164-167. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2018.06.022. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

An HLA class II locus, previously identified by a genome-wide association study, is also associated with susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis in a Chinese population.

Author information

1
Department of Chronic Communicable Disease, Nanjing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing 210003, China. Electronic address: ruifenmiao@126.com.
2
Nanjing Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210001, China.
3
Department of Chronic Communicable Disease, Nanjing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing 210003, China.
4
Nanjing Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210001, China. Electronic address: 1914326552@qq.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Genome-wide association study (GWAS) in Icelanders identified HLA class II sequence variants on chromosome 6p21 as tuberculosis (TB) susceptibility loci. To evaluate the role of these loci in other populations with different ancestry, we conducted a case-control study in Chinese population.

METHODS:

We genotyped two genetic variants (rs9272461 and rs9271300) on the reported chromosome 6p21 in 739 pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases and 749 healthy controls from Chinese Han population using TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. Logistic regression was applied to evaluate the association between genetic variants and PTB risk and to estimate corresponding odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs).

RESULTS:

We found that rs9272461 was significantly associated with the risk of PTB in various genetic models (dominant OR = 0.75, 95%CI: 0.61-0.92; recessive OR = 0.64, 95%CI: 0.46-0.90, and additive OR = 0.78, 95%CI: 0.67-0.90). Moreover, in the stratified analysis in additive model, the association was also significant in the old (age ≥ 48 years) (OR = 0.76, 95%CI: 0.62-0.93; P = .008), men (OR = 0.71, 95%CI: 0.59-0.85; P < .001), and new PTB cases (OR = 0.76, 95%CI: 0.65-0.90; P = .001). The association results were similar between the microbiologically negative (OR = 0.78, 95%CI: 0.64-0.94; P = .008) and positive cases (OR = 0.77, 95%CI: 0.64-0.93; P = .008). We did not observe significant association for rs9271300 neither in the overall analysis (additive model: OR = 0.98, 95%CI: 0.85-1.13; P = .776) nor in the stratified analysis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings indicate that the HLA class II locus also affects the susceptibility to PTB in Chinese population. Further validation studies and function experiments are required to confirm the roles of the discovered variant.

KEYWORDS:

HLA; Polymorphism; Susceptibility; Tuberculosis

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