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Future Cardiol. 2018 Jul;14(4):301-306. doi: 10.2217/fca-2017-0078. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

The role of air pollution on ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a narrative mini review.

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Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Modarres Hospital, Kaj square, Sa'adat Abad Ave, Tehran, Iran, 1998734383.
Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology & Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Faculty of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.


ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is one of the potential causes of death worldwide. In spite of substantial advances in its diagnosis and treatment, STEMI is still considered as a major public health dilemma in developed and particularly developing countries. One of the triggering factors of STEMI is supposed to be air pollutants like gaseous pollutants including, sulfur dioxide, nitric dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone and particulate matters (PM) including, PM under 2.5 µm (PM2.5) and PM under 10 µm (PM10). Air pollution can trigger STEMI with various mechanisms such as increasing inflammatory factors and changing the heart rate or blood viscosity. In this article, we aimed to explore research in the field and discuss the relationship between air pollution and STEMI.


ST-elevation myocardial infarction; air pollution; coronary artery disease; myocardial infarction

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