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J Burn Care Res. 2018 Aug 17;39(5):771-779. doi: 10.1093/jbcr/irx043.

The Development and Validity of the Adult Burn Outcome Questionnaire Short Form.

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Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston.
Shriners Hospitals for Children - Boston, Massachusetts.
Department of Health Law, Policy and Management, Boston University School of Public Health, Massachusetts.
School of Insurance and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Qu├ębec, Canada.
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.


Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are useful for understanding the health needs and outcomes of the general public. We aim to develop a burn-specific metric-Adult Burn Outcome Questionnaire (ABOQ)-that is brief and can be administered electronically to all burn survivors over the age of 18. The 14-item ABOQ was developed from the already validated Young Adult Burn Outcome Questionnaire (YABOQ) long form. The ABOQ questionnaire, along with Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement System-10 (PROMIS-10), was administered to 120 outpatient burn survivors at three hospitals. Clinical validity of the ABOQ was measured by testing associations between ABOQ items and burn size, the PROMIS-10 generic items and composite scales using correlational analysis including multivariate canonical analysis. Nine out of 14 ABOQ items were significantly correlated with burn size (correlations ranging from -0.25 to -0.46, P < .01). The canonical correlation between ABOQ and burn size was 0.68 (P = .0002). The overall canonical correlation between two instruments was also significant (P < .0001). At the item level, at least 25% of the variation in each of the five ABOQ items could be explained by PROMIS-10 items and composite scores, while six other items could only be accounted for by less than 15% of the variation. ABOQ short form assessment can be used to efficiently measure burn outcomes across a range of relevant clinical domains with credible validity. A large proportion of the variation in ABOQ scores was not accounted for by PROMIS-10, suggesting that ABOQ provided additional health-related information specifically for the burn population beyond the generic instrument.


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