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Trop Parasitol. 2018 Jan-Jun;8(1):50-52. doi: 10.4103/tp.TP_61_16. Epub 2018 May 28.

Fine-needle aspiration cytology of leishmanial lymphadenitis in an HIV-reactive patient: Report of a rare case.

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Department of Pathology, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.


Lymphatic leishmaniasis is a rare parasitic disease even in endemic region. It is usually associated with visceral and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis. Leishmaniasis is being increasingly recognized in association with immunodeficient patients (HIV/AIDS). However, leishmanial lymphadenitis has been rarely diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of epitrochlear lymph node in an HIV patient. Cytological features of leishmanial lymphadenitis in an HIV-reactive patient have been rarely addressed in previous literature. We present the FNAC of a case of leishmanial lymphadenitis in epitrochlear lymph node in the case of an HIV-reactive patient with visceral leishmaniasis.


Cytology; HIV; leishmaniasis; lymph node

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