Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 21;8(1):9482. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-27210-w.

Adipocytes induce distinct gene expression profiles in mammary tumor cells and enhance inflammatory signaling in invasive breast cancer cells.

Author information

1
Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
2
LIFE Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
3
Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. Sonja.Stadler@medizin.uni-leipzig.de.
4
LIFE Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. Sonja.Stadler@medizin.uni-leipzig.de.

Abstract

Obesity is a known risk factor for breast cancer. Since obesity rates are constantly rising worldwide, understanding the molecular details of the interaction between adipose tissue and breast tumors becomes an urgent task. To investigate potential molecular changes in breast cancer cells induced by co-existing adipocytes, we used a co-culture system of different breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and T47D: ER+/PR+/HER2- and MDA-MB-231: ER-/PR-/HER2-) and murine 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Here, we report that co-culture with adipocytes revealed distinct changes in global gene expression pattern in the different breast cancer cell lines. Our microarray data revealed that in both ER+ cell lines, top upregulated genes showed significant enrichment for hormone receptor target genes. In triple-negative MDA-MB-231 cells, co-culture with adipocytes led to the induction of pro-inflammatory genes, mainly involving genes of the Nf-κB signaling pathway. Moreover, co-cultured MDA-MB-231 cells showed increased secretion of the pro-inflammatory interleukins IL-6 and IL-8. Using a specific NF-κB inhibitor, these effects were significantly decreased. Finally, migratory capacities were significantly increased in triple-negative breast cancer cells upon co-culture with adipocytes, indicating an enhanced aggressive cell phenotype. Together, our studies illustrate that factors secreted by adipocytes have a significant impact on the molecular biology of breast cancer cells.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center