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EMBO J. 1985 Jul;4(7):1745-8.

Detection of a high frequency RsaI polymorphism in the human pro alpha 2(I) collagen gene which is linked to an autosomal dominant form of osteogenesis imperfecta.


Screening of the pro alpha 2(I) collagen genes of Southern African populations for restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) has revealed a locus polymorphic for the restriction enzyme RsaI. The frequency of the RFLP was 0.38 in Afrikaners, but much lower in indigenous Southern African populations, which suggests that it is of European origin. The polymorphism was used to study 19 affected and non-affected individuals in a four generation family with the autosomal dominant disorder, osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type I. Co-inheritance of the loss of the RsaI site and the OI phenotype was observed with a lod score of 3.91 at a recombination fraction (theta) of zero, indicating strong linkage. This suggests that the defect in this family is caused by a structural mutation within or close to the pro alpha 2(I) collagen gene. The use of this high frequency RFLP together with other recently described polymorphisms at this locus will facilitate the analysis of the role of this gene in OI and other inherited disorders of connective tissue.

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