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Oncol Lett. 2018 Jul;16(1):59-64. doi: 10.3892/ol.2018.8611. Epub 2018 May 2.

Naringin inhibits ovarian tumor growth by promoting apoptosis: An in vivo study.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, P.R. China.
2
Graduate School, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, P.R. China.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the antitumor activities of naringin in ovarian cancer, and to assess the underlying mechanisms. Ovarian tumor cells were implanted into nude mice to produce ovarian tumors in vivo. The mice were divided into six groups: Control, low dose naringin [0.5 mg/kg, intraperitoneal (i.p.)], middle dose naringin (1 mg/kg, i.p.), high dose naringin (2 mg/kg, i.p.), positive control (cisplatin, 2 mg/kg, i.p.) and a combination of cisplatin and naringin (both 2 mg/kg). Following administration of naringin and/or cisplatin, the tumor size and weight were measured. Apoptosis of tumor cells was detected using a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay. Apoptosis-associated gene expression was detected using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. In the range of 0.5-2 mg/kg, naringin dose-dependently inhibited tumor growth, as demonstrated by a decrease in tumor size and weight. Naringin promoted apoptosis of the ovarian tumor cells. Additionally, naringin reduced the expression of B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2, Bcl-extra large (Bcl-xL), cyclin D1, c-Myc and survivin, while it increased the expression of caspase-3 and caspase-7. The data demonstrated that naringin inhibited ovarian tumor growth in vivo. Its mechanisms may be associated with caspase-7-, caspase-3-, Bcl-2- and Bcl-xL-mediated apoptosis. Nevertheless, the clinical application of naringin in the treatment of ovarian cancer requires further study.

KEYWORDS:

apoptosis; cyclin D1; naringin; ovarian cancer

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