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J Am Chem Soc. 2018 Jul 18;140(28):8990-8996. doi: 10.1021/jacs.8b05429. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

A Synthetic Light-Driven Substrate Channeling System for Precise Regulation of Enzyme Cascade Activity Based on DNA Origami.

Author information

1
Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, The MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis and Instrumentation, State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Department of Chemical Biology, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Xiamen University , Xiamen , 361005 , China.
2
Molecular Sciences and Biomedicine Laboratory, State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Hunan University , Changsha , 410082 , China.
3
Center for Molecular Design and Biomimetics , Biodesign Institute and School of Molecular Sciences at Arizona State University , Tempe , Arizona 85287 , United States.
4
Institute of Molecular Medicine, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University , School of Medicine, Shanghai , 200127 , China.

Abstract

Substrate channeling, in which a metabolic intermediate is directly passed from one enzyme to the next enzyme in an enzyme cascade, accelerates the processing of metabolites and improves substrate selectivity. Synthetic design and precise control of channeling outside the cellular environment are of significance in areas such as synthetic biology, synthetic chemistry, and biomedicine. In particular, the precise control of synthetic substrate channeling in response to light is highly important, but remains a major challenge. Herein, we develop a photoresponsive molecule-based synthetic substrate channeling system on DNA origami to regulate enzyme cascade activity. The photoresponsive azobenzene molecules introduced into DNA strands enable reversible switching of the position of substrate channeling to selectively activate or inhibit the enzyme cascade activity. Moreover, DNA origami allows precise control of interenzyme distance and swinging range of the swing arm to optimize the regulation efficiency. By combining the accurate and addressable assembly ability of DNA origami and the clean, rapid, and reversible regulation of photoresponsive molecules, this light-driven substrate channeling system is expected to find important applications in synthetic biology and biomedicine.

PMID:
29927576
DOI:
10.1021/jacs.8b05429

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