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Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2018 Jun 21. doi: 10.1111/ceo.13343. [Epub ahead of print]

Role of diet and food intake in age-related macular degeneration: a systematic review.

Author information

1
School of Optometry and Vision Science, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
2
Department of Nutrition, School of Medical Science, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract

A systematic literature review was conducted to evaluate the role of diet and food intake in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Eighteen high-quality studies were identified. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet had decreased risk of AMD progression. An Oriental diet pattern had decreased association with AMD prevalence, whereas a Western diet pattern had increased association with AMD prevalence. High consumption of vegetables rich in carotenoids and fatty fish containing omega-3 fatty acids was beneficial for those at risk of AMD. Vegetable oils and animal fats containing omega-6 fatty acids, and red/processed meat should be consumed minimally to reduce the risk of AMD progression. High glycaemic index diets and alcohol consumption of greater than two drinks a day had increased association with AMD. As the quality of diet and food intake had a vital role in AMD, the provision of appropriate nutritional advice to those at risk of AMD is recommended.

KEYWORDS:

age-related macular degeneration; carotenoids; diet; fatty acids; nutrients

PMID:
29927057
DOI:
10.1111/ceo.13343

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