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Curr Protoc Cell Biol. 2018 Jun;79(1):e51. doi: 10.1002/cpcb.51. Epub 2018 May 18.

Transcription Factor-Mediated Differentiation of Human iPSCs into Neurons.

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National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.
Gladstone Institute of Neurological Disease, Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, California.


Accurate modeling of human neuronal cell biology has been a long-standing challenge. However, methods to differentiate human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to neurons have recently provided experimentally tractable cell models. Numerous methods that use small molecules to direct iPSCs into neuronal lineages have arisen in recent years. Unfortunately, these methods entail numerous challenges, including poor efficiency, variable cell type heterogeneity, and lengthy, expensive differentiation procedures. We recently developed a new method to generate stable transgenic lines of human iPSCs with doxycycline-inducible transcription factors at safe-harbor loci. Using a simple two-step protocol, these lines can be inducibly differentiated into either cortical (i3 Neurons) or lower motor neurons (i3 LMN) in a rapid, efficient, and scalable manner (Wang et al., 2017). In this manuscript, we describe a set of protocols to assist investigators in the culture and genetic engineering of iPSC lines to enable transcription factor-mediated differentiation of iPSCs into i3 Neurons or i3 LMNs, and we present neuronal culture conditions for various experimental applications.


i3LMN; i3Neurons; iPSC; iPSC-derived neurons; transcription factor-mediated differentiation

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