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An Bras Dermatol. 2018 Jun;93(3):362-367. doi: 10.1590/abd1806-4841.20186541.

Prevalence of dermatological complaints in patients undergoing treatment for breast cancer.

Author information

1
Medical Specialties Outpatient Clinic, Department of Medicine, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Tubarão, SC, Brazil.
2
Department of Sensory System, Medicine Course, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Tubarão, SC, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Internal malignancies such as breast cancer, as well as their treatment can often result in skin changes.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the prevalence of dermatological complaints in patients who are undergoing oncological treatment for breast cancer in a hospital in Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

METHODS:

Observational, cross-sectional study, from October 2015 to February 2016 in which 152 patients with the diagnosis of breast cancer, undergoing treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormone therapy and/or surgery, were interviewed and completed a research protocol developed by the author.

RESULTS:

The treatment of breast cancer was associated with dermatological complaints in 94.1% of the interviewed, being with hair loss the most frequent, present in 79.6% of the sample, followed by nail changes (56%). Patients with lighter skin phototypes (I, II and III) had a lower risk (p=0.045) of developing skin changes when compared to darker phototypes. Radiation therapy (p=0.011) and oncological surgery (pFisher=0.004) were statistically significant when related to skin changes.

STUDY LIMITATIONS:

Inherent to the design of the study, as well as recall bias.

CONCLUSIONS:

It was found that most patients diagnosed with breast cancer showed dermatologic manifestations during the proposed cancer treatment. Patients undergoing radiotherapy and surgery showed skin changes with greater statistical significance.

PMID:
29924229
PMCID:
PMC6001084
DOI:
10.1590/abd1806-4841.20186541
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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