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J Family Med Prim Care. 2018 Jan-Feb;7(1):264-266. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_20_17.

A case report of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia: A mini-review with latest updates.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Science Centre, San Antonio, Texas, USA.
3
Department of Paediatrics, Richmond University Medical Centre, Staten Island, New York, USA.

Abstract

Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is a rare hereditary disorder involving two or more of the ectodermal structures, which include the skin, hair, nails, teeth, and sweat glands. The two most common forms of the disease are hypohidrotic/anhidrotic ED and hidrotic ED. They are caused by the mutations of several genes. We present a case of a 9-year-old child with hypohidrotic ED, who presented with hypodontia, dyshidrosis, hypotrichosis, and raised body temperature. We treated the raised body temperature symptomatically with cooling techniques and antipyretics. A multidisciplinary approach with physicians from several fields is required to provide comprehensive medical care to patients with ED.

KEYWORDS:

Early diagnosis; hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia; multidisciplinary approach

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