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J Family Med Prim Care. 2018 Jan-Feb;7(1):191-197. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_322_16.

Adult onset seizures: Clinical, etiological, and radiological profile.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India.
2
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India.
3
Department of Community Medicine, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Institute of Medical Sciences, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.

Abstract

Introduction:

Adult onset seizure disorder is a major public health concern in terms of burden of disease, nature of illness, and its impact on individual, family, and community. This study was done to assess the clinical profile and etiology of adult onset seizures and correlates of clinical and radiological pattern.

Materials and Methods:

This was a prospective cross-sectional hospital-based study conducted on 100 cases presenting with adult onset seizures.

Results:

Adult onset seizures were most prevalent in the young and middle-aged adults than elderly; generalized seizures were more common than focal seizures. However, the incidence of generalized seizures showed a falling trend as the age advanced whereas focal seizures increased in incidence with advancing age. Overall, the most common etiology of seizures was stroke, followed by idiopathic and central nervous system infections; yet, most common etiology of adult onset generalized and focal seizures was idiopathic and stroke, respectively. Regarding etiology, among younger adults, idiopathic seizures were predominant, whereas among middle aged and elderly, stroke was the most common etiology.

Conclusions:

It is mandatory to deal carefully with each case of adult onset seizure with a tailor-made approach. Identification and awareness about the etiological factors and seizure type help in better management of these patients. Primary care physicians play a pivotal role in identifying patients with adult onset seizures and should encourage these patients to undergo neuroimaging so as to arrive at an appropriate etiological diagnosis. In the face of recent advances in neuroimaging techniques, the future prospective management of adult onset seizures appears bright and convincing.

KEYWORDS:

Adult onset; focal seizures; generalized seizures; seizure

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