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J Orthop Trauma. 2018 Sep;32(9):e372-e375. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001235.

Dogs and Orthopaedic Injuries: Is There a Correlation With Breed?

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UCSF Fresno, Fresno, CA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To identify the incidence of orthopaedic injuries secondary to dog bites, determine the responsible breeds, and assess the severity of injury by dog breed.

DESIGN:

Retrospective.

SETTING:

Single Level I trauma center.

PATIENTS:

Ninety-five patients treated for a dog bite that resulted in an orthopaedic injury between January 2010 and July 2016.

INTERVENTION:

Patients were treated according to their specific orthopaedic injury.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Dog breed and type of orthopaedic injury.

RESULTS:

Thirty-nine percent of all dog bite-related emergency department visits resulted in an orthopaedic injury requiring specialist treatment. Of the 95 patients, 50% were the result of a pit bull terrier bite and 22% by a law enforcement dog. A total of 32% were attacked by multiple dogs. There was a 51% incidence of severe injury (amputation or fracture) with a significant association with breed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Thirty-nine percent of all dog bite-related emergency department visits at our facility resulted in an injury requiring orthopaedic treatment. Pit bull terrier bites were responsible for a significantly higher number of orthopaedic injuries and resulted in an amputation and/or bony injury in 66% of patients treated, whereas bites from law enforcement dogs and other breeds were less associated with severe injuries.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Prognostic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Comment in

PMID:
29912736
DOI:
10.1097/BOT.0000000000001235
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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