Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Sports (Basel). 2017 Mar 24;5(2). pii: E21. doi: 10.3390/sports5020021.

Sports Nutrition Knowledge, Perceptions, Resources, and Advice Given by Certified CrossFit Trainers.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition and Health Science, College of Health, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA. cmaxwell@bsu.edu.
2
Training Think Tank, 11445 N Fulton Industrial Blvd Alpharetta, GA 30009, USA. kyle.ruth@trainingthinktank.com.
3
Department of Nutrition and Health Science, College of Health, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA. cfriesen@bsu.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

CrossFit is a large, growing force in the fitness community. Currently, Level 1 and 2 CrossFit certification classes do not include nutrition education. The purpose of this study was to identify sports nutrition knowledge, perceptions, resources, and advice given by Certified CrossFit Trainers.

METHODS:

An online questionnaire that measured these four constructs was placed on a private Facebook community, open only to certified CrossFit trainers, for 10 days.

RESULTS:

Complete surveys were obtained from 289 CrossFit trainers. The mean Sport Nutrition Knowledge (SNK) score was 11.1 ± 2.1, equivalent to 65.3% ± 12.4% correct. The trainers perceived nutrition to be extremely important to athletic performance (9.4 ± 0.9 on a 10 point scale). Overall, the trainers graded their SNK higher than that of their CrossFit peers. The internet and CrossFit peers were the most frequently reported sources for nutrition information; Registered Dietitians were the least reported source. The Paleo and Zone diets were the most common dietary regimens recommended by CrossFit trainers. Results indicated a positive correlation between a CrossFit trainer's self-reported hours of nutrition education and their SNK score (r = 0.17; p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Nutrition education modules for Level 1 and 2 CrossFit trainers, developed with input from Board Certified Specialists in Sports Dietetics, are recommended.

KEYWORDS:

Board Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics (CSSD); CrossFit trainers; Paleo diet; Registered Dietitians (RD); sports nutrition knowledge

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center