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J Hazard Mater. 2018 Sep 5;357:355-362. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.06.003. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

The antagonistic effect of selenium on cadmium-induced apoptosis via PPAR-γ/PI3K/Akt pathway in chicken pancreas.

Author information

1
College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, PR China. Electronic address: jinxi0905@163.com.
2
College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, PR China. Electronic address: 2366184378@qq.com.
3
College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, PR China. Electronic address: liuruohan0108@126.com.
4
College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, PR China; Key Laboratory of the Provincial Education Department of Heilongjiang for Common Animal Disease Prevention and Treatment, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, PR China. Electronic address: shiwenxu@neau.edu.cn.

Abstract

The animal experiment was preformed to investigate the roles of PPAR-γ/PI3K/Akt pathway in apoptosis triggered by cadmium (Cd) and in the antagonistic effects of selenium (Se) on Cd in the pancreas of chicken. The current study showed that Cd treatment obviously increased the accumulation of Cd and directly led to lower activities of amylase, trypsin and lipase in chicken pancreas. The expression of PPAR-γ, PI3K, and Akt was declined, whereas the level of Bax, Cyt C and caspase-3 were increased in Cd group. In the result of TUNEL assay and the histological examination, typical apoptosis characteristics in the pancreas of Cd group were confirmed. Cd group also showed high levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activity and nitric oxide (NO) content in pancreas. However, those Cd-induced changes were obviously alleviated in Cd + Se group. Our study revealed that Cd could impact the pancreas function and induce the activation of Bax and the overproduction of NO via PPAR-γ/PI3K/Akt pathway to promote apoptosis in chicken pancreas. However, Se could reduce Cd accumulation and antagonize Cd-triggered apoptosis in chicken pancreas.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Cadmium; Chicken pancreas; PPAR-γ/PI3K/Akt pathway; Selenium

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