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J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2018 Jul;28(4):346-355. doi: 10.1111/vec.12734. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Spontaneous gastric dilatation-volvulus in two cats.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency and Critical Care, Angell Animal Medical Center, Boston, MA, 02130.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe 2 cases of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) in cats. To describe 2 unique clinical settings in which the disease occurs in cats, and to highlight the differences between GDV in cats and dogs.

CASE SERIES SUMMARY:

Two neutered female Persian cats were presented for evaluation of respiratory distress. Initial physical examination revealed tachypnea, dyspnea, and a markedly distended and painful abdomen in both cats. Radiographs revealed a gas-dilated stomach and gastrointestinal (GI) tract in both cats but were only diagnostic for GDV in 1 case. Gastric dilatation-volvulus was confirmed during exploratory laparotomy and gastropexy was performed in each case. Both cats were successfully discharged from the hospital.

NEW AND UNIQUE INFORMATION PROVIDED:

Gastric dilatation-volvulus in cats is a rare event and appears to occur in 2 clinical settings: in combination with traumatic diaphragmatic hernia (as previously reported) and without a history of trauma or diaphragmatic hernia, as in the 2 cases reported here. Clinicians should consider GDV in the list of differentials for cats with respiratory distress and abdominal distension, even if classic radiographic findings are not present.

KEYWORDS:

abdominal pain; dyspnea; feline

PMID:
29906334
DOI:
10.1111/vec.12734
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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