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J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2019 Jan;80(1):34-38. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1655762. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Optimal Parameters for Intervertebral Disk Resection Using Aqua-Plasma Beams.

Author information

1
Plasma Technology Research Center, National Fusion Research Institute, Gunsan, The Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Nuclear Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, The Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Sports, Health and Rehabilitation, Cheongju University, Cheongju, Chungcheongbuk-do, The Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, The Republic of Korea.
5
John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hawaii, United States.
6
Sports Medicine, Cheongju University, Cheongju, The Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

 A minimally invasive procedure for intervertebral disk resection using plasma beams has been developed. Conventional parameters for the plasma procedure such as voltage and tip speed mainly rely on the surgeon's personal experience, without adequate evidence from experiments. Our objective was to determine the optimal parameters for plasma disk resection.

METHODS:

 Rate of ablation was measured at different procedural tip speeds and voltages using porcine nucleus pulposi. The amount of heat formation during experimental conditions was also measured to evaluate the thermal safety of the plasma procedure.

RESULTS:

 The ablation rate increased at slower procedural speeds and higher voltages. However, for thermal safety, the optimal parameters for plasma procedures with minimal tissue damage were an electrical output of 280 volts root-mean-square (Vrms) and a procedural tip speed of 2.5 mm/s.

CONCLUSION:

 Our findings provide useful information for an effective and safe plasma procedure for disk resection in a clinical setting.

PMID:
29902828
DOI:
10.1055/s-0038-1655762
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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