Format

Send to

Choose Destination
JAMA Surg. 2018 Sep 1;153(9):826-833. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1565.

Association of Perioperative Red Blood Cell Transfusions With Venous Thromboembolism in a North American Registry.

Author information

1
Division of Transfusion Medicine, Department of Pathology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York.
2
Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York.
3
Division of Transfusion Medicine, Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
4
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
5
Division of Pediatric Hematology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
6
Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York.
7
New York Blood Center, New York.

Abstract

Importance:

Increasing evidence supports the role of red blood cells (RBCs) in physiological hemostasis and pathologic thrombosis. Red blood cells are commonly transfused in the perioperative period; however, their association with postoperative thrombotic events remains unclear.

Objective:

To examine the association between perioperative RBC transfusions and postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) within 30 days of surgery.

Design, Setting, and Participants:

This analysis used prospectively collected registry data from the American College of Surgery National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database, a validated registry of 525 teaching and nonteaching hospitals in North America. Participants included patients in the ACS-NSQIP registry who underwent a surgical procedure from January 1 through December 31, 2014. Data were analyzed from July 1, 2016, through March 15, 2018.

Main Outcomes and Measures:

Risk-adjusted odds ratios (aORs) were estimated using multivariable logistic regression. The primary outcome was the development of postoperative VTE (deep venous thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) within 30 days of surgery that warranted therapeutic intervention; DVT and PE were also examined separately as secondary outcomes. Subgroup analyses were performed by surgical subtypes. Propensity score matching was performed for sensitivity analyses.

Results:

Of 750 937 patients (56.8% women; median age, 58 years; interquartile range, 44-69 years), 47 410 (6.3%) received at least 1 perioperative RBC transfusion. Postoperative VTE occurred in 6309 patients (0.8%) (DVT in 4336 [0.6%]; PE in 2514 [0.3%]; both DVT and PE in 541 [0.1%]). Perioperative RBC transfusion was associated with higher odds of VTE (aOR, 2.1; 95% CI, 2.0-2.3), DVT (aOR, 2.2; 95% CI, 2.1-2.4), and PE (aOR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.7-2.1), independent of various putative risk factors. A significant dose-response effect was observed with increased odds of VTE as the number of intraoperative and/or postoperative RBC transfusion events increased (aOR, 2.1 [95% CI, 2.0-2.3] for 1 event; 3.1 [95% CI, 1.7-5.7] for 2 events; and 4.5 [95% CI, 1.0-19.4] for ≥3 events vs no intraoperative or postoperative RBC transfusion; P < .001 for trend). In subgroup analyses, the association between any perioperative RBC transfusion and postoperative VTE remained statistically significant across all surgical subspecialties analyzed. The association between any perioperative RBC transfusion and the development of postoperative VTE also remained robust after 1:1 propensity score matching (47 142 matched pairs; matched OR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.8-2.1).

Conclusions and Relevance:

The results of this study suggest that perioperative RBC transfusions may be significantly associated with the development of new or progressive postoperative VTE, independent of several putative confounders. These findings, if validated, should reinforce the importance of rigorous perioperative management of blood transfusion practices.

PMID:
29898202
PMCID:
PMC6233649
[Available on 2019-06-13]
DOI:
10.1001/jamasurg.2018.1565

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center