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Nucleic Acids Res. 1985 Jun 25;13(12):4539-55.

Nitrogen fixation specific regulatory genes of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Rhizobium meliloti share homology with the general nitrogen regulatory gene ntrC of K. pneumoniae.


We have determined the complete nucleotide sequences of three functionally related nitrogen assimilation regulatory genes from Klebsiella pneumoniae and Rhizobium meliloti. These genes are: 1) The K. pneumoniae general nitrogen assimilation regulatory gene ntrC (formerly called glnG), 2) the K. pneumoniae nif-specific regulatory gene nifA, and 3) an R. meliloti nif-specific regulatory gene that appears to be functionally analogous to the K. pneumoniae nifA gene. In addition to the DNA sequence data, gel-purified K. pneumoniae nifA protein was used to determine the amino acid composition of the nifA protein. The K. pneumoniae ntrC and nifA genes code for proteins of 52,259 and 53,319 d respectively. The R. meliloti nifA gene codes for a 59,968 d protein. A central region within each polypeptide, consisting of approximately 200 amino acids, is between 52% and 58% conserved among the three proteins. Neither the amino termini nor the carboxy termini show any conserved sequences. Together with data that shows that the three regulatory proteins activate promoters that share a common consensus sequence in the -10 (5'-TTGCA-3') and -23 (5'-CTGG-3') regions, the sequence data presented here suggest a common evolutionary origin for the three regulatory genes.

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