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Colorectal Dis. 2018 Aug;20(8):O215-O225. doi: 10.1111/codi.14292. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Body mass index and complications following major gastrointestinal surgery: a prospective, international cohort study and meta-analysis.

Collaborators (2089)

Blanco-Colino R, Lee S, Kamarajah SK, Vasko P, Kuiper SZ, Farina V, Chapman SJ, Drake TM, Gavagna L, Pasquali S, Pata F, Pellino G, de la Rosa-Estadella M, Stellingwerf ME, Stijns RCH, Borrellas A, Golding D, Ngaage M, Van Tol RR, de Groof J, de Wilt H, Bemelman WA, McNamee L, Espin-Basany E, Emre Baki B, Gecim IE, Can Tatar O, Bach S, Bhangu A, Bresges K, Burke J, Claireaux HA, Fearnhead N, Fitzgerald JE, Gallagher S, Glasbey JC, Gundogan B, Harrison EM, Hernon J, Khatri C, Kong CY, Lyons A, Mohan M, Morton D, Pinkney TD, Arezzo A, Foppa C, Morino M, Rubbini M, Selvaggi F, Sensi B, Sica G, Orhalmi J, Naccari P, Sgrò A, Burger BHCM, Fares DA, Spijkerman R, van Elst TR, Wiersema R, Stassen LPS, Rodriguez Garcia R, Özkan BB, Tavuz AI, Demirci ZS, Baki BE, Choi PJ, O'Sullivan H, Salman M, Simioni A, Colombo F, Turati L, Cazzola FE, Gallo G, Perrotta G, Papandrea M, Naccari PM, Menduni N, Rossi E, Chetta N, Romeo F, Giordano F, Randisi B, Curletti G, Kuiper J, Costa A, Marcos Rodrigo A, Sanchez A, Varo Muñoz A, Martinez Rios CE, Aliseda-Jover D, Fernandez Nieto D, Alvarez Reyes I, Dominguez Rodriguez LM, Hernandez Ros MI, Esteban Sinovas O, Bartrina Soler P, Villarejo Campos P, Laguna Román S, Fontanet-Soler S, Raurich-Leandro J, Dominguez-Prieto V, Segura-Sampedro JJ, Alconchel-Gago F, Salazar-García C, Gezen AE, Sahin A, Atasoy H, Yuksek B, Arslan E, Ozmen BB, Sen AY, Erol HI, Ucar E, Aktas MK, Yurdaor SS, Mermer S, Seyhan U, Tosun V, Gunaydin Y, Ekinci ZB, Yazkan Z, Choi J, Yeoh TSL, Jones CS, Venturini S, Saat MI, Loo J, Pike G, Davies SC, Kabariti R, Olivier J, Hurný M, Žebrák R, Machačová A, Schulzová M, Smolák P, Široká M, Palyzová H, Jaroš J, Dušek T, Šimáčková B, Bartoš M, Sotona O, Pös M, Karásek D, Higgins P, Hacking S, Arora E, Coughlan G, Palanivail N, Quill S, Zhang AA, Malak M, Maan DS, Cheema J, Goh AWJ, Shamsul Badrin AK, Guinness F, Howard James N, Neary A, Sebaoui S, Gilroy D, Petrov G, Craven K, MacDonald A, Redmond A, Brennan D, Roche D, O'Dwyer M, Collins P, Edwards S, Doyle J, Tiedt L, Arthurs B, O'Byrne L, Kiely A, Glynn M, Sproule L, Heaney A, Li Hi Shing S, Goh W, Al-Nasser Z, Al-Nasser A, Teh JW, De Boni D, Goldin E, Ciccioli E, Vendramin E, Marchese N, Bruno M, Vinci A, Harder G, Morandi V, Magnoli M, Suppa A, Palmieri A, Martorana M, Sette M, Balagna P, Cruciani C, Corte M, Ciano P, Bagaglini G, Montuori M, Di Benedetto L, Arcudi C, Pezzuto R, Saraceno F, Milana F, Franceschilli M, Rizzi A, Sampietro G, Rampulla V, Bianco F, Boschetti ME, Ghignone F, Bianchini S, Esposto R, Riva L, Riva M, Cannavò M, Arrigo A, Giavarini L, Colombo EM, Trompetto M, Clerico G, Catalano M, Dosa T, El Mabruk M, Barone V, Pallara E, Pasqualoni M, Caudullo G, Mastandrea Bonaviri GN, Muro M, Pistola I, Verardi L, Ferrara D, Gerardi S, Remore LM, Belia F, Del Coco F, Larotonda C, Botrugno EM, Cammarota A, Di Girolami L, Laterza V, Laurino A, Paolo G, Santocchi P, Puccioni C, Truma A, Giardino FR, Giuffrida A, Ripa M, Cautiero R, Patturelli M, Capozzolo A, Selvaggi L, Facchiano A, Milazzo LF, Papazachariou SK, Pattapola V, Anania G, Feo C, Bellinato M, Priani P, Zigiotto D, Troia A, Vable T, Piran G, Targa S, Pulpito S, Tagariello F, Fasano A, Anconelli D, Castiglione F, Tognolo L, Lopez G, Campion A, Tarantino M, Sacco R, Sammarco G, Palmisano S, Giacca M, Rocco I, Bellio G, Favero A, Raimondi P, Pantalone MR, De Nardi P, Notarnicola M, Picciariello A, Licari L, Parinisi Z, Fazzotta S, Ciciliot M, Reggiani L, Mariani F, Aonzo P, Checcacci P, Montanelli P, Guerra F, Skalamera I, Staderini F, Grandi S, Nelli T, de Boer DV, van der Pool AEM, Janssen TL, El-Atmani S, van Verschuer VMT, Poelman M, Dronkers WJ, van Steensel L, Toorenvliet BR, Duinhouwer LE, Vermaas M, Ter Bruggen FFJA, Hogendoorn W, van der Harst E, van Rijckevorsel VAJIM, Bayoumy AB, Lap CR, Gooszen JAH, Abdulrahman N, de Roy van Zuidewijn D, de Groof EJ, Zijlmans JL, van Dalen ASHM, Bos K, Musters GD, Looijen RC, Fliers JM, Oostendorp SE, Mosterd CM, Blonk L, Jurgens J, Ribbink ME, Boom MS, Boersma AM, Hidding E, Schmidt PA, Mensink G, Graus SA, Gastel MDA, Veenker CGH, Van Heumen TM, Slieker FJB, Sedee WJA, Löwensteyn YN, Amelung FJ, de Guerre LEVM, Nota CLMA, Van Dijck WPM, van Wijnbergen JWM, Pronk A, Kip M, van der Zee C, Heiloo S, Muller S, Verboeket B, Oudman TS, Zope S, Gilissen V, Gommers J, Cremers D, Van der Lubbe M, Smet M, Ter Weele K, de Bruin M, Geerlings M, Ter Horst L, Kerimova N, Pesser N, Heesakkers H, de Mees T, de Gooyer JM, Willems L, Gawria L, Bonouvrie D, Harms J, Eggen Y, Hengeveld E, Smeets HJ, Hoffman RPC, Detmers Blom FPN, Van Bruggen D, Steup WH, Gooiker GA, Willems YR, van der Hoeven AC, Vallve-Bernal M, Perez-Gandara B, Perez JL, Caballero Rodriguez E, Perez Febles M, Protti Ruiz GP, Hidalgo Pujol M, Alberti Delgado P, Gil Barrionuevo E, Anabitarte O, Caballero L, Poyato Nuñez FJ, Prado Perez R, de la Portilla de Juan F, Fulgencio Barbarin J, Elorza Echaniz G, Mitxelena Elosegi L, Delgado AT, Marti Gelonch L, Gonzalez Arribas M, De Serra Tejada I, Alberdi San Roman I, de Andres Olabarria U, Fernández-Domper L, Perez Costoya C, Perez Arias H, Fa Binefa M, Becerra Nieves M, Escalona Canal MG, Aldrey I, Vazquez-Gonzalez I, Falcon Cazas A, Amarelo Garcia M, Gonzalez Ruiz AA, Garcia Garrido M, Simon Frapolli V, Martinez Diaz JM, De la Torre Conde C, Rodrigues Silva K, Hernandez Kakauridze S, Lopez Garcia MC, Flores Funes D, Gómez-López de San Román C, San Martín Bragado M, Tejero Pintor FJ, Pando Ruiz B, Sánchez Estébanez E, Roquet Puigneró E, Pla Seró S, Vela Polanco FF, Mirallas Viñas O, Caro Gonzalez MP, Bertelli Puche JL, Gonzalez-Martinez A, Sanchez Cambronero M, Garcia Torres A, Dominguez Jimenez M, de Jesus Rodriguez Perdomo M, Echazarreta-Gallego E, Sánchez-Blasco L, Del Mar López-Cuevas M, Latras-Cortés I, López-Vendrell L, Díaz Padillo A, Mestres Petit N, Cruz Reyes JA, Fernandez C, Posada M, Moratilla Lapeña L, Martin Morales E, Mate-Mate P, Garcia Cruz G, Gorini L, Rubio-Perez I, Soldevila-Verdeguer C, Jiménez-Viñas C, Luehrman A, Sena-Ruiz F, Garcia-Perez JM, Plomer-Sanchez M, Pujol-Cano N, Jimenez-Segovia M, Diaz-Jover P, Pineño-Flores C, Ambrona-Zafra D, Gonzalez-Argente XF, Jiménez-Morillas P, López-Mármol R, Durán-Martínez M, González-Crespo A, Checa Guillen M, Valderrama Pérez A, Claramonte Bellmunt O, Martí Fernández RM, Kasap S, Soylemez ZOBB, Bolat AB, Aydar SEYI, Birgin BZ, Coskun O, Cakir SG, Belibagli ZO, Herken M, Erdem S, Kayacan S, Kelesoglu Y, Moran D, Atalay H, Kucukdiler E, Demirci A, Buyukkasap C, Kuzey A, Emral C, Dogan H, Cok H, Durmaz H, Asma A, Ergul B, Kaya A, Bilicen G, Gunay M, Senturk E, Baskoy L, Besısık HM, Topalan K, Piraliyev E, Danalıoglu AN, Ilbak A, Yıgman S, Kara C, Guzel M, Inci ET, Onsal U, Erel T, Cetin SK, Yekenkurul E, Kasar P, Saglam ZA, Gursoy F, Cetinkaya M, Aktekin H, Bober DN, Mugurtay YS, Koksal G, Celik S, Bektur G, Yildirim R, Ankarali T, Güven H, Yuksel A, Semiz A, Cise S, Tomas K, Ulusahin M, Akbulut F, Tulum H, Bodur S, Isler VC, Pektas AM, Mutlu D, Mericliler M, Tansoker I, Polat ZP, Seyrek N, Beyatli S, Toto OF, Cakaloglu HC, Sapci I, Akpunarli B, Adiyaman C, Kobal BB, Gok Z, Benli S, Turpan M, Kocapinar S, Parimli H, Acar S, Eger M, Yilmaz I, Cengiz U, Yoruk I, Mutlu B, Ulkucu A, Arukan C, Kara B, Gokce K, Calisgan B, Demirci K, Elkatroushi T, Ayaz B, Uzun B, Sivrikaya T, Goksoy B, Eroz E, Celik B, Canbay Torun B, Ekin B, Senay BB, Temiz C, Yilmaz M, Yasar C, Cakir E, Subasi A, Celik K, Aksoy K, Karabulut E, Altintas O, Bali AN, Ciftci E, Babaoglu H, Aljbour A, Aljbour I, Akcaoglu T, Kakil E, Taskin O, Taskin RB, Topal U, Huzmeli E, Caliskan T, Unal AG, Yurekli AM, Sari V, Tutam DN, Celen D, Posteki G, Demirtas B, Yildiz S, Kilic E, Yalcin Y, Kurt A, Gozubuyuk Y, Huseynova S, Cinar S, Calar SN, Kurklu O, Binbuga M, Ceylan C, Yavuz G, Alim YE, Yildirim N, Yilmaz S, Onar D, Aray E, Ozsipahi AC, Koc GE, Yetiskin E, Kocer MD, Ozgencil B, Bahcecioglu B, Hacioglu AD, Bilici O, Cin S, Uzunoglu EC, Cumen EC, Aslan L, Erozgur B, Yildiz SS, Zengin T, Kullac S, Mizan SR, Baykan B, Kopac O, Karabacak U, Aytekin A, Deliktas TS, Buyukkarabacak Y, Uzun O, Karahan B, Turkmen M, Akdogan A, Uctepe F, Bandirmali O, Erdogan P, Demir F, Bozkurt GK, Yilmaz T, Sheikh IMI, Orhan K, Balci B, Keyif MF, Bilgin S, Cantimer E, Yaman S, Akkaya E, Atesavci SN, Arslan U, Asik M, Koksal S, Murtaza MI, Mustafa S, Oun H, Sam ZH, Brogan A, Zaidi R, Quinn K, Taylor F, Pang G, Heath H, Smart NJ, Home J, Mauro D, Noone TM, Fenn J, Sinha A, Lowe R, Hutchings I, Longstaff L, Smith AG, Edwards JA, Alcocer BP, Oakley T, Thomas-Davies M, Hourston GJM, Kankam HKN, Ramana A, Baker C, Endo Y, Wong C, Anderson RGJ, Badran A, Ali A, Myers L, Tippins F, Stanley S, Sandison L, Schofield E, Delf J, Rees S, Anyan-Brown J, Long K, Archer M, Anakwenze V, Goel S, Sharma Khatiwada A, Khan S, Leafe O, Lee J, Embury-Young Y, Edwards L, Hazenberg P, Agrawal M, Guerero D, Britton F, Rejayee M, Mahesh S, Khaing PH, Baldwin A, Iyer S, Gaskell P, Adlan A, Cuckow L, Barmayehvar B, Rob T, Ciurleo C, Mural-Krishnan S, Jong N, Carlson S, Abdelgalil R, Goble M, Doshi A, Ogunleye O, Marsh L, Bagley J, Poacher A, Cantelo J, Wylie J, Govil S, Hill F, Beaver D, Urquhart A, Rakhimov I, Raina V, Clifford T, Iorga R, Cartwright E, Harris AJ, Shurovi B, Wadanamby S, Brown E, Bradley C, Ahmad A, Jeyabraba S, Hardaman B, Truss A, Mohamed US, Örhalmi J, Kerin MJ, Reynolds J, Ridgway P, Pietrabissa A, Foschi D, Sgroi G, Rosati G, Benevento A, Coco C, Persiani R, Vasquez G, Messina F, De Manzini N, Innocenti P, Rosati R, Altomare DF, Sartori A, Salamone G, Galleano R, Cianchi F, Wijnhoven BPL, van de Ven AWH, de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel RJ, de Castro SMM, Meijerink WJHJ, Mulder IM, Acherman YIZ, van Leeuwen BL, Schasfoort RA, Kloppenberg FWH, Wiezer R, Consten ECJ, Van Grevenstein WMU, Schiphorst A, Wijffels N, Uittenbogaart M, Klinkert M, Koppe M, de Hingh I, Konsten J, Polat F, Berends F, Langenhoff B, Zimmerman D, van Engelenburg T, Vries JJM, Baeten CIM, Bastiaansen AJNM, van Geloven A, Khan I, Girones J, Barrera Gomez M, Sanz Ortega G, Duran Muñoz-Cruzado VM, Ruiz Montesinos I, Enriquez-Navascues JM, Portugal Porras V, Baixauli J, Garcia Florez LJ, Alonso Gonçalves S, Parajo A, Sanchez-Guillen L, Lujan Mompean JA, Soria Aledo V, Arenal JJ, Blanco Antona F, Badia JM, Roura J, Garcia Garcia J, Elía-Guedea M, Millan M, Viñas-Salas J, Garcia-Olmo D, Prieto-Nieto MI, Medina-Fernández FJ, Romero-Simó M, Frasson M, Espí Macías A, Tirnaksiz MB, Leventoglu S, Kara E, Taşçı Y, Pehlivan M, Guner A, Ozben V, Agalar C, Albayrak D, Ertekin C, Oncel M, Sakman G, Guler SA, Firat O, Akkucuk S, Ozbalci GS, Sozuer EM, Sengul N, Schizas A, Horgan PG, Singh B, Harikrishnan A, Stechman M, Hayat J, Coyne P, Wilson T, Arun C, Manvydas V, Moroni P, Lo Secco G, Argenti F, Romano F, Calcagno P, Steccanella F, Cisternino G, Bottini C, Realis Luc A, Apicella M, Candilio G, Gubbiotti F, De Luca E, Casagranda B, Decorato A, Aquilino F, Badii B, Rahmee CNS, Kleine E, Yauw S, de Zeeuw S, Aarts E, Teixeira da Silva M, Brueren L, Bokkerink G, Schok T, Graafland M, Fliers JM, Gonzalez de Chaves PE, Jimenez-Gomez LM, García Galocha JL, Palos Campos MC, Jimenez Escovar F, Hernandez-Lizoáin JL, Monzonis Hernandez X, Dominguez Sanchez JM, Vives-Rodriguez E, Abrisqueta Carrion J, Beltrán de Heredia J, Padilla Valverde D, Alcazar Montero JA, Córdoba-Díaz de Laspra E, Franco Chacón M, Muriel P, Pastor-Riquelme P, Peinado Iribar B, Alonso Hernandez N, Costa-Navarro D, Martínez Chillarón E, Secilmis E, Bamac E, Koç F, Kayaci Durak M, Bayram S, Ekrem M, Uzun S, Gok AFK, Gorguner F, Yildiz T, Dalci K, Kilinc C, Koç M, Yuksek MA, Ersoy T, Celik E, Parmar E, Abuhussein N, Metcalf P, Atif M, Heywood E, Mayes JW, Kelly M, Mitchell H, Antoniou I, Dean R, Davies N, Trecarten S, Henderson I, Holmes C, Shuttleworth RH, Jindal A, Hughes F, Gouda P, Fleck R, Hanrahan M, Karunakaran P, Chen JH, Sykes MC, Sethi RK, Suresh S, Patel P, Patel M, Varma RK, Mushtaq J, Bolton W, Khan T, Morley R, Favero N, Adams R, Thirumal V, Kennedy ED, Ong KK, Tan YH, Gabriel J, Bakhsh A, Low JYL, Yener A, Paraoan V, Preece R, Tilston TW, Cumber E, Dean S, Ross T, McCance E, Amin H, Satterthwaite L, Clement KD, Gratton R, Mills ED, Chiu SM, Hung G, Rafiq NM, Hayes JDB, Robertson KL, Dynes K, Huang HC, Assadullah S, Duncumb JW, Moon RDC, Poo SX, Mehta JK, Joshi KR, Callan R, Norris JM, Chilvers NJ, Keevil H, Jull P, Mallick S, Elf D, Carr L, Player C, Barton EC, Martin AL, Ratu SG, Roberts EJ, Phan PN, Dyal AR, Rogers JE, Henson AD, Reid NB, Burke D, Culleton G, Lynne S, Mansoor S, Brennan C, Blessed R, Holloway C, Hill A, Goldsmith T, Mackin S, Kim S, Woin E, Brent G, Coffin J, Ziff O, Momoh Z, Debenham R, Ahmed M, Yong CS, Wan JC, Copley HC, Raut P, Chaudhry FI, Nixon G, Dorman C, Tan R, Kanabar S, Canning N, Dolaghan M, Bell N, McMenamin M, Chhabra A, Duke K, Turner L, Patel T, Chew LS, Mirza M, Lunawat S, Oremule B, Ward N, Khan M, Tan ET, Maclennan D, McGregor RJ, Chisholm EG, Griffin EJ, Bell L, Hughes BA, Davies J, Haq H, Ahmed H, Ungcharoen N, Whacha C, Thethi R, Markham RM, Lee AHY, Batt E, Bullock NP, Francescon CT, Davies JE, Shafiq NM, Zhao J, Vivekanantham S, Barai I, Allen JLY, Marshall DC, McIntyre CJ, Wilson HCP, Ashton AJ, Lek C, Behar N, Davis-Hall M, Seneviratne N, Esteve L, Sirakaya M, Ali S, Pope S, Ahn JS, Craig-McQuaide A, Gatfield WA, Leong S, Demetri AM, Kerr AL, Rees C, Loveday J, Liu S, Wijesekera M, Maru D, Attalla M, Smith N, Brown D, Sritharan P, Shah A, Charavanamuttu V, Heppenstall-Harris G, Ng K, Raghvani T, Rajan N, Hulley K, Moody N, Williams M, Cotton A, Sharifpour M, Lwin KN, Bright M, Chitnis AR, Abdelhadi M, Semana AD, Morgan F, Reid R, Dickson J, Anderson L, McMullan R, Ahern N, Asmadi A, Anderson LB, Lua Boon Xuan J, Crozier L, McAleer S, Lees DM, Adebayo AA, Das M, Amphlett AH, Al-Robeye A, Valli A, Khangura J, Winarski A, Woodward H, Gouldthrope C, Turner M, Sasapu K, Tonkins M, Wild JRL, Robinson M, Hardie J, Heminway R, Narramore R, Ramjeeawon N, Hibberd A, Winslow F, Ho W, Chong BF, Lim K, Ho S, Crewdson JA, Singagireson S, Kalra N, Koumpa F, Jhala H, Soon WC, Karia M, Rasiah MG, Xylas D, Gilbert H, Sundar-Singh M, Wills J, Akhtar S, Patel S, Hu L, Brathwaite-Shirley C, Nayee H, Amin O, Rangan T, Turner EJH, McCrann C, Shepherd R, Patel N, Prest-Smith J, Auyoung E, Murtaza A, Coates A, Prys-Jones O, King M, Gaffney S, Dewdney CJ, Nehikhare I, Lavery J, Bassett J, Davies K, Ahmad K, Collins A, Acres M, Egerton C, Cheng K, Chen X, Chan N, Sheldon A, Empey J, Ingram E, Malik A, Johnstone M, Goodier R, Shah JP, Giles JE, Sanders JA, McLure SW, Pal S, Rangedara A, Baker AN, Asbjoernsen CA, Girling C, Gray L, Gauntlett L, Joyner C, Qureshi S, Mogan YP, Ng JCK, Kumar AN, Park JH, Tan D, Choo KP, Raman KP, Buakuma P, Xiao C, Govinden S, Thompson OD, Charalambos MA, Karsan RB, Dogra T, Bullman LM, Dawson PM, Frank AL, Abid H, Tung L, Qureshi U, Tahmina A, Matthews BW, Harris RT, O'Connor A, Mazan K, Iqbal S, Stanger SA, Thompson JD, Sullivan JAL, Uppal E, MacAskill A, Bamgbose FA, Neophytou C, Carroll AF, Rookes CW, Datta U, Dhutia AJ, Rashid S, Ahmed N, Lo T, Bhanderi S, Blore CD, Ahmed S, Shaheen H, Abburu S, Majid S, Abbas Z, Talukdar SS, Burney LJ, Patel JB, Al-Obaedi O, Roberts AW, Mahboob S, Sheth S, Karia P, Prabhudesai A, Kow K, Koysombat K, Wang S, Morrison P, Maheswaran Y, Keane P, Copley PC, Brewster O, Xu GX, Harries P, Wall C, Al-Mousawi A, Bonsu S, Cunha P, Ward T, Paul J, Nadanakumaran K, Tayeh S, Holyoak H, Remedios J, Theodoropoulou K, Luhishi A, Jacob L, Long F, Atayi A, Sarwar S, Parker O, Harvey J, Ross H, Rampal R, Thomas G, Vanmali P, McGowan C, Stein J, Robertson V, Carthew L, Teng V, Fong J, Street AN, Thakker CE, O'Reilly D, Bravo M, Pizzolato A, Khokhar HA, Ryan M, Cheskes L, Carr R, Salih AE, Bassiony S, Yuen R, Chrastek D, Rosen O'Sullivan H, Amajuoyi A, Wang A, Sitta O, Wye J, Qamar MA, Major C, Kaushal A, Morgan C, Petrarca M, Allot R, Verma K, Dutt S, Chilima CP, Peroos S, Kosasih SR, Chin H, Ashken L, Pearse RJ, O'Loughlin RA, Menon A, Singh K, Norton J, Sagar R, Jathanna N, Rothwell L, Watson N, Harding F, Dube P, Khalid H, Punjabi N, Sagmeister M, Gill P, Shahid S, Hudson-Phillips S, George D, Ashwood J, Lewis T, Dhar M, Sangal P, Rhema IA, Kotecha D, Afzal Z, Syeed JA, Prakash E, Jalota P, Herron J, Kimani L, Delport A, Shukla A, Agarwal V, Parthiban S, Thakur H, Cymes W, Rinkoff S, Turnbull JA, Hayat M, Darr S, Khan U, Lim J, Higgins A, Lakshmipathy G, Forte B, Canning E, Jaitley A, Lamont J, Toner E, Ghaffar A, McDowell M, Salmon D, O'Carroll O, Khan A, Kelly ME, Clesham K, Palmer C, Lyons R, Bell A, Chin R, Waldron RM, Trimble A, Cox SE, Ashfaq U, Campbell J, Holliday RBS, McCabe G, Morris F, Priestland R, Vernon OK, Ledsam A, Vaughan R, Lim D, Bakewell ZR, Hughes RK, Koshy RM, Jackson HR, Narayan P, Cardwell AE, Jubainville CL, Arif T, Elliott LE, Gupta V, Bhaskaran G, Odeleye 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Abstract

AIM:

Previous studies reported conflicting evidence on the effects of obesity on outcomes after gastrointestinal surgery. The aims of this study were to explore the relationship of obesity with major postoperative complications in an international cohort and to present a meta-analysis of all available prospective data.

METHODS:

This prospective, multicentre study included adults undergoing both elective and emergency gastrointestinal resection, reversal of stoma or formation of stoma. The primary end-point was 30-day major complications (Clavien-Dindo Grades III-V). A systematic search was undertaken for studies assessing the relationship between obesity and major complications after gastrointestinal surgery. Individual patient meta-analysis was used to analyse pooled results.

RESULTS:

This study included 2519 patients across 127 centres, of whom 560 (22.2%) were obese. Unadjusted major complication rates were lower in obese vs normal weight patients (13.0% vs 16.2%, respectively), but this did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.863) on multivariate analysis for patients having surgery for either malignant or benign conditions. Individual patient meta-analysis demonstrated that obese patients undergoing surgery for malignancy were at increased risk of major complications (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.49-2.96, P < 0.001), whereas obese patients undergoing surgery for benign indications were at decreased risk (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.46-0.75, P < 0.001) compared to normal weight patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

In our international data, obesity was not found to be associated with major complications following gastrointestinal surgery. Meta-analysis of available prospective data made a novel finding of obesity being associated with different outcomes depending on whether patients were undergoing surgery for benign or malignant disease.

KEYWORDS:

Postoperative complications; body mass index; body weight; digestive tract; gastrointestinal tract; obesity

PMID:
29897171
DOI:
10.1111/codi.14292

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