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J Cancer. 2018 Apr 30;9(11):2024-2029. doi: 10.7150/jca.24714. eCollection 2018.

Higher Plasma Fibrinogen Levels are Associated with Malignant Phenotype and Worse Survival in Patients with Glioblastomas.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, China.
Department of Pathology, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, China.


Preoperative plasma fibrinogen levels were associated with poor clinical outcomes in malignancies. There were few data about the prognostic value of plasma fibrinogen in glioblastomas (GBMs). The objective of our study was to investigate the association between fibrinogen and patients' clinicopathological factors and overall survival (OS). From 2008 to 2016, 315 patients with GBMs who had a surgical treatment at our institute, were retrospectively involved in this study. IDH (isocitrate dehydrogenase) mutations and ATRX (alpha thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked) loss were detected with IHC (Immunohistochemistry). The preoperative plasma fibrinogen levels ranged from 1.00 to 5.22 g/L, with a mean of were 2.57 g/L. There were increased levels of plasma fibrinogen in patients aged ≥ 65 years, secondary GBMs, IDH mutation (p = 0.033) and ATRX loss (p = 0.040). Moreover, the plasma fibrinogen level was the highest in the subtype of IDH-1R132H wildtype - ATRX expression, which showed a shorter OS compared to the group of IDH-1R132H mut and IDH-1R132H wildtype - ATRX loss (p = 0.001, log-rank test). ROC curves for fibrinogen and IDH-1R132H wildtype - ATRX expression was also plotted, and indicated a potential diagnostic value of fibrinogen in molecular pathology. Univariate analysis found that younger age, higher KPS (Karnofsky Performance Score), gross total resection, complete chemoradiotherapy, IDH-1R132H mutations and lower levels of fibrinogen were associated with favorable outcomes. Multivariate analysis proved that chemoradiotherapy, IDH-1R132H and fibrinogen were independent prognostic factors. In conclusion, plasma fibrinogen could predict clinical outcome and molecular subtype in GBMs.


ATRX loss; Fibrinogen; Glioblastomas; IDH mutations; Prognosis.

Conflict of interest statement

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interest exists.

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