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J Mol Biol. 1985 May 5;183(1):31-42.

Partial suppression of an ochre mutation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by multicopy plasmids containing a normal yeast tRNAGln gene.


We screened a yeast genomic library for recombinant DNA plasmids that complemented the ultraviolet (u.v.) sensitivity of a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae designated rad4-3 that is defective in excision repair of DNA. A multicopy plasmid (pNF4000) with a 9.4 X 10(3) base-pair yeast DNA insert partially complemented the u.v. sensitivity of rad4-3, but not of two other rad4 allelic mutants (rad4-2 and rad4-4), or of other u.v.-sensitive rad mutants. The yeast insert was analyzed by restriction mapping, DNA-DNA hybridization, DNA-tRNA hybridization and DNA sequencing. This analysis revealed the presence of a normal tRNAGln gene, a yeast sigma element situated 5' to the transfer RNA gene, a Ty element and a solo delta element. Deletion analysis of pNF4000 showed that the tRNAGln gene is required for partial complementation of the u.v. sensitivity of rad4-3. Furthermore, a multicopy plasmid containing a tRNAGln gene derived from a different region of the yeast genome also partially complemented the u.v. sensitivity of rad4-3. The rad4-3 mutation is suppressed following transformation with a plasmid containing the known ochre suppressor SUP11-o, indicating that it is an ochre mutation. We therefore conclude that when expressed in sufficient quantity, normal tRNAGln (which usually decodes the sense codon CAA) can weakly suppress the nonsense ochre codon UAA, and suggest that this represents an example of wobble occurring at the first rather than at the third position of the codon.

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