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J Mol Biol. 1985 Apr 20;182(4):579-87.

Two type I restriction enzymes from Salmonella species. Purification and DNA recognition sequences.


We have purified the type I restriction enzymes SB and SP from Salmonella typhimurium and S. potsdam, respectively, and determined the DNA sequences that they recognize. These sequences resemble those previously determined for the type I enzymes, EcoB, EcoK and EcoA, in that the specific part of the sequence is divided into two domains by a spacer of non-specific sequence that has a fixed length for each enzyme. Two main differences from the previously determined sequences are seen. Both of the new sequences are degenerate and one of them, SB, has one trinucleotide and one pentanucleotide-specific domain rather than the trinucleotide and tetranucleotide domains seen for all of the other enzymes. The only conserved features of the recognition sequences are the adenosyl residues that are methylated in the modification reaction. For all of the enzymes these are situated ten or 11 base-pairs apart, one on each strand of the DNA. This suggests that the enzymes bind to DNA along one face of the double helix making protein-DNA interaction in two successive major grooves with most of the non-specific spacer sequence in the intervening minor groove.

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