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Crit Care. 2018 Jun 12;22(1):157. doi: 10.1186/s13054-018-2079-9.

Immunocompromised patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: secondary analysis of the LUNG SAFE database.

Collaborators (864)

Francois GM, Rabboni F, Madotto F, Conti S, Laffey JG, Bellani G, Pham T, Fan E, Pesenti A, Brochard L, Esteban A, Gattinoni L, van Haren F, Larsson A, McAuley DF, Ranieri M, Rubenfeld G, Taylor Thompson B, Wrigge H, Slutsky AS, Rios F, Sottiaux T, Depuydt P, Lora FS, Azevedo LC, Bugedo G, Qiu H, Gonzalez M, Silesky Jimenez JI, Cerny V, Nielsen J, Jibaja M, Matamis D, Ranero JL, Amin P, Hashemian SM, Clarkson KP, Kurahashi K, Villagomez AJ, Zeggwagh AA, Heunks LM, Laake JH, Palo JE, do Vale Fernandes A, Sandesc D, Arabi YM, Bumbasirevic V, Nin N, Lorente JA, Piquilloud L, Abroug F, McNamee L, Hurtado J, Bajwa E, Démpair G, Sula H, Nunci L, Cani A, Zazu A, Dellera C, Insaurralde CS, Alejandro RV, Daldin J, Vinzio M, Fernandez RO, Cardonnet LP, Bettini LR, Bisso MC, Osman EM, Setten MG, Lovazzano P, Alvarez J, Villar V, Pozo NC, Grubissich N, Plotnikow GA, Vasquez DN, Ilutovich S, Tiribelli N, Chena A, Pellegrini CA, Saenz MG, Estenssoro E, Brizuela M, Gianinetto H, Gomez PE, Cerrato VI, Bezzi MG, Borello SA, Loiacono FA, Fernandez AM, Knowles S, Reynolds C, Inskip DM, Miller JJ, Kong J, Whitehead C, Bihari S, Seven A, Krstevski A, Rodgers HJ, Millar RT, Mckenna TE, Bailey IM, Hanlon GC, Aneman A, Lynch JM, Azad R, Neal J, Woods PW, Roberts BL, Kol MR, Wong HS, Riss KC, Staudinger T, Wittebole X, Berghe C, Bulpa PA, Dive AM, Verstraete R, Lebbinck H, Vermassen J, Philippe M, Ceunen H, Rosa JI, Beraldo DO, Piras C, Rampinelli AM, Nassar AP Jr, Mataloun S, Moock M, Thompson MM, Gonçalves CH, Antônio ACP, Ascoli A, Biondi RS, Fontenele DC, Nobrega D, Sales VM, Shindhe S, Aiman DM, Pg Hj Ismail B, Beloncle F, Davies KG, Cirone R, Manoharan V, Ismail M, Goligher EC, Jassal M, Nishikawa E, Javeed A, Curley G, Rittayamai N, Parotto M, Ferguson ND, Mehta S, Knoll J, Pronovost A, Canestrini S, Bruhn AR, Garcia PH, Aliaga FA, Farías PA, Yumha JS, Ortiz CA, Salas JE, Saez AA, Vega LD, Labarca EF, Martinez FT, Carreño NG, Lora P, Liu H, Liu L, Tang R, Luo X, An Y, Zhao H, Yan G, Zhe Z, Ye ZL, Wang W, Li W, Li Q, Zheng R, Yu W, Shen J, Li X, Yu T, Lu W, Wu YQ, Huang XB, Lu Y, Han H, Zhang F, Sun R, Wang HX, Qin SH, Zhu BH, Zhao J, Liu J, Li B, Liu JL, Zhou FC, Li QJ, Zhang XY, Li-Xin Z, Xin-Hua Q, Jiang L, Gao YN, Zhao XY, Li YY, Li XL, Wang C, Yao Q, Yu R, Chen K, Shao H, Qin B, Huang QQ, Zhu WH, Hang AY, Hua MX, Li Y, Xu Y, Di YD, Ling LL, Qin TH, Wang SH, Qin J, Han Y, Zhou S, Vargas MP, González Rojas MA, Solis-Quesada JE, Ramirez-Alfaro CM, Máca J, Sklienka P, Gjedsted J, Christiansen A, Villamagua BG, Llano M, Burtin P, Buzancais G, Beuret P, Pelletier N, Mortaza S, Mercat A, Chelly J, Jochmans S, Terzi N, Daubin C, Carteaux G, de Prost N, Chiche JD, Daviaud F, Fartoukh M, Barberet G, Biehler J, Dellamonica J, Doyen D, Arnal JM, Briquet A, Hraiech S, Papazian L, Follin A, Roux D, Messika J, Kalaitzis E, Dangers L, Combes A, Au SM, Béduneau G, Carpentier D, Zogheib EH, Dupont H, Ricome S, Santoli FL, Besset SL, Michel P, Gelée B, Danin PE, Goubaux B, Crova PJ, Phan NT, Berkelmans F, Badie JC, Tapponnier R, Gally J, Khebbeb S, Herbrecht JE, Schneider F, Declercq PM, Rigaud JP, Duranteau J, Harrois A, Chabanne R, Marin J, Bigot C, Thibault S, Ghazi M, Boukhazna M, Zein SO, Richecoeur JR, Combaux DM, Grelon F, Le Moal C, Sauvadet EP, Robine A, Lemiale V, Reuter D, Dres M, Demoule A, Goldgran-Toledano D, Baboi L, Guérin C, Lohner R, Kraßler J, Schäfer S, Zacharowski KD, Meybohm P, Reske AW, Simon P, Hopf HF, Schuetz M, Baltus T, Papanikolaou MN, Papavasilopoulou TG, Zacharas GA, Ourailogloy V, Mouloudi EK, Massa EV, Nagy EO, Stamou EE, Kiourtzieva EV, Oikonomou MA, Avila LE, Cortez CA, Citalán JE, Jog SA, Sable SD, Shah B, Gurjar M, Baronia AK, Memon M, Muthuchellappan R, Ramesh VJ, Shenoy A, Unnikrishnan R, Dixit SB, Rhayakar RV, Ramakrishnan N, Bhardwaj VK, Mahto HL, Sagar SV, Palaniswamy V, Ganesan D, Jamaati H, Heidari F, Meaney EA, Nichol A, Knapman KM, O'Croinin D, Dunne ES, Breen DM, Jaafar RF, Dwyer R, Amir F, Ajetunmobi OO, O'Muircheartaigh AC, Black CS, Treanor N, Collins DV, Altaf W, Zani G, Fusari M, Spadaro S, Volta CA, Graziani R, Brunettini B, Palmese S, Formenti P, Umbrello M, Lombardo A, Pecci E, Botteri M, Savioli M, Protti A, Mattei A, Schiavoni L, Tinnirello A, Todeschini M, Giarratano A, Cortegiani A, Sher S, Rossi A, Antonelli MM, Montini LM, Casalena P, Scafetti S, Panarello G, Occhipinti G, Patroniti N, Pozzi M, Biscione RR, Poli MM, Raimondi F, Albiero D, Crapelli G, Beck E, Pota V, Schiavone V, Molin A, Tarantino F, Monti G, Frati E, Mirabella L, Cinnella G, Fossali T, Colombo R, Terragni P, Pattarino I, Mojoli F, Braschi A, Borotto EE, Cracchiolo AN, Palma DM, Raponi F, Foti G, Vascotto ER, Coppadoro A, Brazzi L, Floris L, Iotti GA, Venti A, Yamaguchi O, Takagi S, Maeyama HN, Watanabe E, Yamaji Y, Shimizu K, Shiozaki K, Futami S, Ryosuke S, Saito K, Kameyama Y, Ueno K, Izawa M, Okuda N, Suzuki H, Harasawa T, Nasu M, Takada T, Ito F, Nunomiya S, Koyama K, Abe T, Andoh K, Kusumoto K, Hirata A, Takaba A, Kimura H, Matsumoto S, Higashijima U, Honda H, Aoki N, Imai H, Ogino Y, Mizuguchi I, Ichikado K, Nitta K, Mochizuki K, Hashida T, Tanaka H, Nakamura T, Niimi D, Ueda T, Kashiwa Y, Uchiyama A, Sabelnikovs O, Oss P, Haddad Y, Liew KY, Ñamendys-Silva SA, Jarquin-Badiola YD, Sanchez-Hurtado LA, Gomez-Flores SS, Marin MC, Lemus JS, Fierro JM, Cervantes MR, Mejia FJF, Dector D, Dector DM, Gonzalez DR, Estrella CR, Sanchez-Medina JR, Ramirez-Gutierrez A, George FG, Aguirre JS, Buensuseso JA, Poblano M, Dendane T, Balkhi H, Elkhayari M, Samkaoui N, Ezzouine H, Benslama A, Amor M, Maazouzi W, Cimic N, Beck O, Bruns MM, Schouten JA, Rinia M, Raaijmakers M, Van Wezel HM, Heines SJ, Strauch U, Buise MP, Simonis FD, Schultz MJ, Goodson JC, Browne TS, Navarra L, Hunt A, Hutchison RA, Bailey MB, Newby L, Mcarthur C, Kalkoff M, McLeod A, Casement J, Hacking DJ, Andersen FH, Dolva MS, Barratt-Due A, Noremark KAL, Søreide E, Sjøbø BÅ, Guttormsen AB, Leon Yoshido HH, Aguilar RZ, Montes Oscanoa FA, Alisasis AU, Robles JB, Pasanting-Lim RAB, Tan BC, Andruszkiewicz P, Jakubowska K, Coxo CM, Alvarez AM, Oliveira BS, Montanha GM, Barros NC, Pereira CS, Messias AM, Monteiro JM, Araujo AM, Catorze NT, Marum SM, Bouw MJ, Gomes RM, Brito VA, Castro S, Estilita JM, Barros FM, Serra IM, Martinho AM, Tomescu DR, Marcu A, Bedreag OH, Papurica M, Corneci DE, Negoita SI, Grigoriev E, Gritsan AI, Gazenkampf AA, Almekhlafi G, Albarrak MM, Mustafa GM, Maghrabi KA, Salahuddin N, Aisa TM, Al Jabbary AS, Tabhan EE, Trinidad OA, Al Dorzi HM, Bolon S, Smith O, Mancebo J, Aguirre-Bermeo H, Lopez-Delgado JC, Esteve F, Rialp G, Forteza C, De Haro C, Artigas A, Albaiceta GM, De Cima-Iglesias S, Seoane-Quiroga L, Ceniceros-Barros A, Ruiz-Aguilar AL, Claraco-Vega LM, Soler JA, Del Carmen Lorente M, Hermosa C, Gordo F, Prieto-González M, López-Messa JB, Perez MP, Perez CP, Allue RM, Roche-Campo F, Ibañez-Santacruz M, Temprano S, Pintado MC, De Pablo R, Gómez PRA, Ruiz SR, Moles SI, Jurado MT, Arizmendi A, Piacentini EA, Franco N, Honrubia T, Cheng MP, Losada EP, Blanco J, Yuste LJ, Carbayo-Gorriz C, Cazorla-Barranquero FG, Alonso JG, Alda RS, Algaba Á, Navarro G, Cereijo E, Diaz-Rodriguez E, Marcos DP, Montero LA, Para LH, Sanchez RJ, Navalpotro MAB, Abad RD, González RM, Toribio DP, Castro AG, Artiga MJD, Penuelas O, Roser TP, Olga MF, Curto EG, Sánchez RM, Imma VP, Elisabet GM, Claverias L, Magret M, Pellicer AM, Rodriguez LL, Sánchez-Ballesteros J, González-Salamanca Á, Jimenez AG, Huerta FP, Sotillo Diaz JCJ, Lopez EB, Llinares Moya DD, Tallet Alfonso AA, Luis PSE, Cesar PS, Rafael SI, Virgilio CG, Recio NN, Adamsson RO, Rylander CC, Holzgraefe B, Broman LM, Wessbergh J, Persson L, Schiöler F, Kedelv H, Tibblin AO, Appelberg H, Hedlund L, Helleberg J, Eriksson KE, Glietsch R, Larsson N, Nygren I, Nunes SL, Morin AK, Kander T, Adolfsson A, Zender HO, Leemann-Refondini C, Elatrous S, Bouchoucha S, Chouchene I, Ouanes I, Souissi AB, Kamoun S, Demirkiran O, Aker M, Erbabacan E, Ceylan I, Girgin NK, Ozcelik M, Ünal N, Meco BC, Akyol OO, Derman SS, Kennedy B, Parhar K, Srinivasa L, Hopkins P, Mellis C, Kakar V, Hadfield D, Vercueil A, Bhowmick K, Humphreys SK, Ferguson A, Mckee R, Raj AS, Fawkes DA, Watt P, Twohey L, Jha RR, Thomas M, Morton A, Kadaba V, Smith MJ, Hormis AP, Kannan SG, Namih M, Reschreiter H, Camsooksai J, Kumar A, Rugonfalvi S, Nutt C, Oneill O, Seasman C, Dempsey G, Scott CJ, Ellis HE, McKechnie S, Hutton PJ, Di Tomasso NN, Vitale MN, Griffin RO, Dean MN, Cranshaw JH, Willett EL, Ioannou N, Gillis S, Csabi P, Macfadyen R, Dawson H, Preez PD, Williams AJ, Boyd O, De Gordoa LO, Bramall J, Symmonds S, Chau SK, Wenham T, Szakmany T, Toth-Tarsoly P, McCalman KH, Alexander P, Stephenson L, Collyer T, Chapman R, Cooper R, Allan RM, Sim M, Wrathall DW, Irvine DA, Zantua KS, Adams JC, Burtenshaw AJ, Sellors GP, Welters ID, Williams KE, Hessell RJ, Oldroyd MG, Battle CE, Pillai S, Kajtor I, Sivashanmugavel M, Okane SC, Donnelly A, Frigyik AD, Careless JP, May MM, Stewart R, John Trinder T, Hagan SJ, Wise MP, Cole JM, MacFie CC, Dowling AT, Nuñez E, Pittini G, Rodriguez R, Imperio MC, Santos C, França AG, Ebeid A, Deicas A, Serra C, Uppalapati A, Kamel G, Banner-Goodspeed VM, Beitler JR, Mukkera SR, Kulkarni S, Lee J, Mesar T, Shinn Iii JO, Gomaa D, Tainter C, Yeatts DJ, Warren J, Lanspa MJ, Miller RR, Grissom CK, Brown SM, Bauer PR, Gosselin RJ, Kitch BT, Cohen JE, Beegle SH, Gueret RM, Tulaimat A, Choudry S, Stigler W, Batra H, Huff NG, Lamb KD, Oetting TW, Mohr NM, Judy C, Saito S, Kheir FM, Schlichting AB, Delsing A, Crouch D, Elmasri M, Ismail D, Dreyer KR, Blakeman TC, Baron RM, Grijalba CQ, Hou PC, Seethala R, Aisiku I, Henderson G, Frendl G, Hou SK, Owens RL, Schomer A, Jovanovic B, Surbatovic M, Veljovic M.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to describe data on epidemiology, ventilatory management, and outcome of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in immunocompromised patients.

METHODS:

We performed a post hoc analysis on the cohort of immunocompromised patients enrolled in the Large Observational Study to Understand the Global Impact of Severe Acute Respiratory Failure (LUNG SAFE) study. The LUNG SAFE study was an international, prospective study including hypoxemic patients in 459 ICUs from 50 countries across 5 continents.

RESULTS:

Of 2813 patients with ARDS, 584 (20.8%) were immunocompromised, 38.9% of whom had an unspecified cause. Pneumonia, nonpulmonary sepsis, and noncardiogenic shock were their most common risk factors for ARDS. Hospital mortality was higher in immunocompromised than in immunocompetent patients (52.4% vs 36.2%; p < 0.0001), despite similar severity of ARDS. Decisions regarding limiting life-sustaining measures were significantly more frequent in immunocompromised patients (27.1% vs 18.6%; p < 0.0001). Use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) as first-line treatment was higher in immunocompromised patients (20.9% vs 15.9%; p = 0.0048), and immunodeficiency remained independently associated with the use of NIV after adjustment for confounders. Forty-eight percent of the patients treated with NIV were intubated, and their mortality was not different from that of the patients invasively ventilated ab initio.

CONCLUSIONS:

Immunosuppression is frequent in patients with ARDS, and infections are the main risk factors for ARDS in these immunocompromised patients. Their management differs from that of immunocompetent patients, particularly the greater use of NIV as first-line ventilation strategy. Compared with immunocompetent subjects, they have higher mortality regardless of ARDS severity as well as a higher frequency of limitation of life-sustaining measures. Nonetheless, nearly half of these patients survive to hospital discharge.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02010073 . Registered on 12 December 2013.

KEYWORDS:

ARDS; Acute respiratory failure; Immunocompromised patients; Mechanical ventilation; Noninvasive ventilation

PMID:
29895331
PMCID:
PMC5998562
DOI:
10.1186/s13054-018-2079-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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