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Am J Epidemiol. 2018 Oct 1;187(10):2168-2176. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwy118.

Temporal Trends in the Level and Decline of Cognition and Disability in an Elderly Population: The PAQUID Study.

Author information

1
University of Bordeaux, Inserm, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, UMR1219, Bordeaux, France.
2
Bordeaux University Hospital, Memory Consultation, Memory Resource and Research Centre, Bordeaux, France.

Abstract

In line with declining trends in dementia incidence, we compared the cognitive and functional evolution of 2 "generations" of elderly individuals aged 78-88 years, who were included 10 years apart in the French Personnes Agées Quid cohort (n = 612 in 1991-1992 and n = 628 in 2001-2002) and followed-up for 12 years with assessments of cognition and disability. The impact of specific risk factors on this evolution was evaluated. Differences between the generations in baseline levels and decline over time were estimated using a joint model to account for differential attrition. Compared with the first generation, the second generation had higher performances at baseline on 4 cognitive tests (from P < 0.005). Differences in global cognition, verbal fluency, and processing speed, but not in working memory, were mostly explained by improvement in educational level. The second generation also exhibited less cognitive decline in verbal fluency and working memory. Progression of disability was less over the follow-up period for the second generation than for the first. The cognitive state of this elderly population improved, partially due to improvements in educational level.

PMID:
29893786
DOI:
10.1093/aje/kwy118

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