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Int J Exp Pathol. 2018 Jun;99(3):121-130. doi: 10.1111/iep.12271. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Leptin and Leptin receptor polymorphisms, plasma Leptin levels and obesity in Tunisian volunteers.

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Biochemistry Department, LR12SP11, Sahloul University Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia.
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Toxicology, Monastir's University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia.


Adipose tissue is an important endocrine organ that secretes a number of adipokines, like Leptin (LEP). The aim this study was to investigate the prevalence of single nucleotide polymorphisms in LEP gene (LEP 3'UTR A/C, -2548 G/A) and LEPR (K109R and Q223R) and their association with Leptin level and obesity. We recruited 169 non-obese (body mass index [BMI] = 24.51-3.69 kg/m2 ) and 160 obese (BMI = 36-4.78 kg/m2 ) patients. Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism, BMI was calculated, and Leptin level was measured by ELISA. Statistical analyses were performed by spss19.0. According to LEP 3'UTR A/C polymorphism, AC and CC genotype carriers had higher Leptin levels than AA genotype carriers, respectively, 31[0.05-148.8] (P = .008) vs 41[0.05-111.6] (P = .003). The K109R polymorphism was associated with obesity (P = .025) and seems to significantly decrease the LEP levels (P < .001). Concerning LEP G2548A polymorphism, our results showed that the OR of obesity associated with 2548 AA/GG was 1.87[1.106-2.78] P = .028 vs 1.41[1.035-1.85] P = .045 for 223AA/GG polymorphism. In our haplotype analysis, one haplotype seems to be the more protective and one other seems to be the highest risk to obesity. LEP 3'UTR A/C and LEPR K109R polymorphisms were associated with Leptin level and obesity.


LEP ; LEPR ; Leptin levels; Tunisian volunteers; obesity

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