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Genes Genomics. 2018 Jun;40(6):635-642. doi: 10.1007/s13258-018-0663-7. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Genetic variability comparison of cultured Israeli carp (Cyprinus carpio) from Korea using microsatellites.

Author information

1
Inland Aquaculture Research Center, National Institute of Fisheries Science (NIFS), Changwon, 51688, South Korea.
2
Southwest Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Fisheries Science (NIFS), Yeosu, 59780, South Korea.
3
Inland Aquaculture Research Center, National Institute of Fisheries Science (NIFS), Changwon, 51688, South Korea. jhlee7124@korea.kr.

Abstract

In aquaculture, cultured fish often undergo continuous cross-fertilization without any inflow of new broodstock. This lowers genetic diversity, leading to increased disease rates and decreased survival rates. To improve the mass production and easy culture of Israeli carp, it is essential to investigate the population structure and genetic diversity of these fish. However, such a survey has not yet been performed on Korean Israeli carp. In this study, we used seven microsatellite markers to analyze the genetic diversity and association of cultured Israeli carp from Korea and China. The average numbers of alleles per locus (N A ) for two Korean (KorA and KorB) and two Chinese (ChA and ChB) populations were as follows: KorA (10.42), KorB (14.43), ChA (20.57) and ChB (20.71). The expected heterozygosity (H e ) ranged from 0.672 to 0.897 and from 0.827 to 0.938 in the Korean sample and Chinese sample respectively. The genetic diversity of the Korean Israeli carp was about half that of the Chinese carp. The diversity of the Korean Israeli carp was very low, suggesting that the immunity of this population could be weak, and that diversity-recovery studies are urgently needed. Therefore, our results may therefore form the foundation for future research efforts towards genetic monitoring and selective breeding, continuous research needs to be conducted in order to recover the genetic diversity of the Korean Israeli carp.

KEYWORDS:

Cyprinus carpio; Expected heterozygosity (H e ); Inbreeding; Israeli carp; Microsatellite markers

PMID:
29892945
DOI:
10.1007/s13258-018-0663-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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