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Gene. 1985;33(3):293-303.

Transposon insertion mutagenesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with a Tn5 derivative: application to physical mapping of the arc gene cluster.

Abstract

For insertional mutagenesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a derivative of the kanamycin-resistance (KmR) transposon Tn5 was constructed (Tn5-751) that carried the trimethoprim-resistance (TpR) determinant from plasmid R751 as an additional marker. Double selection for KmR and TpR avoided the isolation of spontaneous aminoglycoside-resistant mutants which occur at high frequencies in P. aeruginosa. As a delivery system for the recombinant transposon, plasmid pME305, a derivative of the broad-host-range plasma RP1, proved effective; pME305 is temperature-sensitive at 43 degrees C for maintenance in Escherichia coli and P. aeruginosa and deleted for IS21 and the KmR and primase genes. In matings with an E. coli donor carrying pME9(= pME305::Tn5-751), transposon insertion mutants of P. aeruginosa PAO were recovered at approx. 5 X 10(-7)/donor at 43 degrees C. Among Tn5-751 insertional mutants 0.9% were auxotrophs. A thr::Tn5-751 mutation near the recA-like locus rec-102 is useful for the construction of recombination-deficient strains. Several arc::Tn5-751 mutants could be isolated that were defective in anaerobic utilization of arginine as an energy source. From three of these mutants the arc gene region was cloned into an E. coli vector plasmid. Since Tn5-751 has a single EcoRI site between the TpR and KmR genes, EcoRI-generated fragments carrying either resistance determinant plus adjacent chromosomal DNA could be selected separately in E. coli. Thus, a restriction map of the arc region was constructed and verified by hybridization experiments. The arc genes were tightly clustered, confirming earlier genetic evidence.

PMID:
2989092
DOI:
10.1016/0378-1119(85)90237-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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