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Mol Cells. 2018 Jun;41(6):603-611. doi: 10.14348/molcells.2018.0120. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Flightless-I Controls Fat Storage in Drosophila.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 05505, Korea.
2
Department of Biological Sciences, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 44919, Korea.

Abstract

Triglyceride homeostasis is a key process of normal development and is essential for the maintenance of energy metabolism. Dysregulation of this process leads to metabolic disorders such as obesity and hyperlipidemia. Here, we report a novel function of the Drosophila flightless-I (fliI) gene in lipid metabolism. Drosophila fliI mutants were resistant to starvation and showed increased levels of triglycerides in the fat body and intestine, whereas fliI overexpression decreased triglyceride levels. These flies suffered from metabolic stress indicated by increased levels of trehalose in hemolymph and enhanced phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2α). Moreover, upregulation of triglycerides via a knockdown of fliI was reversed by a knockdown of desat1 in the fat body of flies. These results indicate that fliI suppresses the expression of desat1, thereby inhibiting the development of obesity; fliI may, thus, serve as a novel therapeutic target in obesity and metabolic diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Drosophila; desaturase-1; fat storage; flightless-1; lipid metabolism

PMID:
29890821
PMCID:
PMC6030243
DOI:
10.14348/molcells.2018.0120
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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