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Sci Total Environ. 2018 May 1;622-623:1304-1316. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.064. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

Estimating health and economic benefits of reductions in air pollution from agriculture.

Author information

1
The Cyprus Institute, Energy Environment and Water Research Center, P.O. Box 27456, 1645 Nicosia, Cyprus. Electronic address: d.giannadaki@cyi.ac.cy.
2
The Cyprus Institute, Energy Environment and Water Research Center, P.O. Box 27456, 1645 Nicosia, Cyprus.
3
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Atmospheric Chemistry Department, Hahn-Meitnerweg 1, 55128 Mainz, Germany.
4
The Cyprus Institute, Energy Environment and Water Research Center, P.O. Box 27456, 1645 Nicosia, Cyprus; Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Atmospheric Chemistry Department, Hahn-Meitnerweg 1, 55128 Mainz, Germany.

Abstract

Agricultural ammonia emissions strongly contribute to fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) with significant impacts on human health, contributing to mortality. We used model calculated emission scenarios to examine the health and economic benefits accrued by reducing agricultural emissions. We applied the "value of statistical life" metric to monetize the associated health outcomes. Our analysis indicates that a 50% reduction in agricultural emissions could prevent >200 thousand deaths per year in the 59 countries included in our study, notably in Europe, Russia, Turkey, the US, Canada and China, accompanied with economic benefits of many billions US$. In the European Union (EU) mortality could be reduced by 18% with an annual economic benefit of 89 billion US$. A theoretical complete phase-out of agricultural emissions could lead to a reduction in PM2.5 related mortality of >50% plus associated economic costs in 42 out of the 59 countries studied. Within the EU, 140 thousand deaths could be prevented per year with an associated economic benefit of about 407billionUS$/year. A cost-benefit assessment of ammonia emission abatement options for the EU indicates that the reduction of agricultural emissions generates net financial and social benefits. The monetization of the health benefits of air pollution abatement policies and the costs of implementation can help devise cost-effective air quality management strategies.

KEYWORDS:

Abatement measures; Ammonia emissions; Economic assessment; Fine particulate matter; Mortality risk; Value of statistical life

PMID:
29890597
DOI:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.064
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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