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EMBO J. 1985 May;4(5):1351-5.

Evidence for a repeating domain in type I restriction enzymes.


The primary structures of the recognition subunit (hsdS) in type I restriction enzymes from three isolates of Escherichia coli were compared and aligned by use of amino acid physical properties. A repeating domain was found in each of the subunits suggesting a pseudo-dimeric structure. Secondary structure predictions delineated two helical regions in each domain which suggested that the recognition subunits may act in a fashion similar to that proposed for repressor and activator molecules; namely, interaction with double-stranded DNA through helices and in two successive major grooves on the same DNA side. One helical motif could provide the specific recognition site and the other, the restriction site.

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