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Cell. 1985 Jul;41(3):745-51.

Sites of allosteric shift in the structure of the cyclic AMP receptor protein.

Abstract

We have characterized crp mutations in E. coli that allow CRP to function without cAMP. crp* mutants carrying a deletion of the gene encoding adenylate cyclase (cya) show significant lac expression. Cyclic GMP, normally an ineffective activator of CRP+, can stimulate these mutant CRP*s to permit greater lac expression in vivo. Cyclic AMP binding to the amino-terminal domain of CRP+ induces an allosteric transition that changes the DNA-binding property of the carboxy domain. The CRP* phenotype is caused by substitution of amino acids with bulkier side chains in the D alpha-helix of the protein's carboxy domain, near the hinge connecting the two domains. These results are consistent with a model in which the mutant CRP*s assume, in part, a conformation normally evoked only by cAMP binding: one in which the relative orientation of the C, D, and F alpha-helices is altered. We define precisely the amino acids of these alpha-helices that interact to cause the allosteric shift.

PMID:
2988785
DOI:
10.1016/s0092-8674(85)80055-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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