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Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2018 Sep;22(5):803-806. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2018.05.010. Epub 2018 May 30.

Cognitive behavioral therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: A prospective observational study.

Author information

1
Medical University of Vienna, Department of Paediatrics, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: rene.kurz@wienkav.at.
2
Medical University of Vienna, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: julia.huemer@meduniwien.ac.at.
3
Zentrum für Autistische Störungen (ZASPE), Hahngasse 24-26, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: office@autismus.at.
4
Medical University of Vienna, Department of Paediatrics, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: martha.feucht@meduniwien.ac.at.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate prospectively the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

METHODS:

Drug-naïve children who met the DSM-V criteria for a diagnosis of ASD were recruited from a day care center, specialized in long-term treatment of children and adolescents with ASD. Symptom assessment was performed using the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) before (base-line) and after 12 months (follow-up) of CBT.

RESULTS:

Nine boys with a mean age of 6 (±2.0) years were included. Compared to baseline, significant improvements of symptoms of irritability (p = 0.012), hyperactivity (p = 0.008) and lethargy (p = 0.008) were observed at follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

Results indicate that CBT is an effective therapy for children with ASD. Larger studies are needed to give more details about which symptoms respond best in these patients.

KEYWORDS:

Aberrant behavior checklist; Childhood autism; Cognitive behavioral therapy

PMID:
29887491
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejpn.2018.05.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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