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Auris Nasus Larynx. 2019 Feb;46(1):43-49. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2018.05.013. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Differentiating among conductive hearing loss conditions with wideband tympanometry.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, CHA University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: aseptic@snu.ac.kr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study was aimed to investigate whether wideband tympanometry (WBT) can distinguish among various kinds of conductive hearing loss and provide additional information.

METHODS:

We recruited normal subjects and patients with conductive hearing loss due to the following reasons: tympanic membrane perforation only, ossicular chain problem only, and one or other of those conditions combined with mastoid problems. Wideband absorbance at ambient pressure, peak pressure, resonance frequency, and averaged tympanogram data were measured by WBT and compared between the normal, tympanic membrane perforation only, ossicular chain problem only, and combined with mastoid problems groups.

RESULTS:

The normal subjects showed an average peak pressure of -19.51daPa and an average resonance frequency of 965.94Hz. Tympanic membrane perforation only patients showed a very low peak pressure (-124.93daPa) and resonance frequency (73.12Hz). When patients have ossicular chain problems, they showed slightly low peak pressures (43.08daPa) without changes in the resonance frequency (1024.8Hz). Mastoid problem subjects showed slightly decreased resonance frequencies (787.71Hz). Tympanic membrane perforation subjects showed decreased absorbance at low frequencies and ossicular chain problem subjects showed decreases at high frequencies. When comparing the perforation only and ossicular chain subjects by absorbance at 707Hz, the area under the ROC curve was 0.719 (P<0.022). Mastoid problems subjects showed decreased absorbance at all frequencies.

CONCLUSION:

WBT can help to distinguish tympanic membrane perforation only and ossicular chain problem patients. WBT may provide additional information on "combined with mastoid problems" patients.

KEYWORDS:

Hearing loss; Ossicle; Otitis media; Perforation; Wideband

PMID:
29885747
DOI:
10.1016/j.anl.2018.05.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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