Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 Jun 6;15(6). pii: E1190. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061190.

Perceptions and Reasons Regarding E-Cigarette Use among Users and Non-Users: A Narrative Literature Review.

Author information

1
Center for Health Protection (GZB), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), 3721 MA Bilthoven, The Netherlands. kim.romijnders@rivm.nl.
2
Department of Health Promotion, School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. kim.romijnders@rivm.nl.
3
Department of Health Promotion, School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. liesbeth.vanosch@maastrichtuniversity.nl.
4
Department of Health Promotion, School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. hein.devries@maastrichtuniversity.nl.
5
Center for Health Protection (GZB), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), 3721 MA Bilthoven, The Netherlands. reinskje.talhout@rivm.nl.

Abstract

This paper aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the attractiveness of e-cigarettes for several different groups. For this purpose, perceptions of and reasons for e-cigarette use were systematically reviewed as reported by e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, dual users, and non-users, among both adults and youth. MEDLINE® and Scopus were used to search for relevant articles, and references of included studies were also investigated. Two reviewers screened all titles and abstracts independently, blinded to authors and journal titles (Cohen’s Kappa = 0.83), resulting in 72 eligible articles. Risk perceptions, perceived benefits, and reasons for e-cigarette use were categorized in themes and sub-themes. Risk perceptions included harmfulness in general, and specific health risks. Perceived benefits included improved taste and smell, and safety for bystanders. Reasons for use included (health) benefits, curiosity, smoking cessation, and friends using e-cigarettes. The findings highlight that there is a variety of perceptions and reasons mentioned by adult and youth e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, dual users, and non-users. As such, this overview provides valuable information for scientists, public health professionals, behavior change experts, and regulators to improve future research, risk communication, and possibilities to effectively regulate e-cigarettes.

KEYWORDS:

adults; dual use; electronic cigarette; perceptions; reasons; youth

PMID:
29882828
PMCID:
PMC6025300
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph15061190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center