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Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Nov 23;28:258. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.28.258.11197. eCollection 2017.

Bacteriological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of urine culture isolates from patients in Ndjamena, Chad.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, School of Health Sciences-Catholic University of Central Africa, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
Ndjamena General Hospital of National Reference, Chad.
Yaoundé Military Hospital, Cameroon.



Bacteriological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of urine culture isolates were determined among patients in the Ndjamena General Hospital, a National Reference centre.


A cross-sectional study was carried out from July to November 2014. Six hundred and sixty patients were enrolled, to whom a cytobacteriological examination of urine was prescribed. Urine was collected and cultured. Bacterial identification and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns were performed using Vitek 2 compact automated system.


216 isolates were recovered from patients (age range: 10-90 years). E. coli was the pathogen frequently cultured 128 (59.3%) followed by K. pneumonia 28 (13.0%). Bacteriuria was more present in inpatients (70.4%) compared to outpatients (29.6%). High antibiotic-resistance rate (> 60%) of the total isolates was observed with ampicillin, ciprofloxacin and cephalosporins. Imipeneme (94.9%) displayed satisfactory activity against bacteria isolates. ESBLs phenotype was present in 68/105 (64.7%) of betalactamine resistant isolates. AAC(3)-I and AAC(6')-I enzymes were found respectively in 16/36 (44.4%) and 20/36 (55.6%) of aminoglycosides resistant isolates. Resistance of isolates to quinolones was mainly due to an association of target modification (gyrA and parC), porin reduction and/or efflux mechanisms and was present in 107/213 (49%) of quinolones resistant isolates.


E. coli is the predominant uropathogen isolated in our setting and there are antibiotic-resistant uropathogens among the studied population. Therefore, routine surveillance of bacterial uropathogens to common used antibiotics must be a continuous process so as to provide physicians with up to date information about the local data of antimicrobial resistance.


Bacteriological profile; antimicrobial susceptibility patterns; urine culture isolates

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