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Cancer Cell Int. 2018 Jun 1;18:79. doi: 10.1186/s12935-018-0576-1. eCollection 2018.

Silencing Formin-like 2 inhibits growth and metastasis of gastric cancer cells through suppressing internalization of integrins.

Author information

1
Department of Gastric, Intestine and Hernia Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001 People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Background:

Formin-like 2 (FMNL2) is a member of Formin family which governs cytokinesis, cellular polarity and morphogenesis. Dysregulation of FMNL2 has been discovered in cancers and is closely related to cancers. However, the role of FMNL2 in gastric cancer remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of FMNL2 in gastric cancer cells.

Methods:

A FMNL2-specific shRNA was employed to decrease the endogenous expression of FMNL2. Then the degree of proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells was assessed by MTT assay, flow cytometry, wound healing assay and transwell assay, respectively. The expression and distribution of FMNL2 and protein kinase C (PKC) α was detected by immunofluorescence. The internalization of integrins was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Results:

Our results showed that silencing FMNL2 suppressed proliferation, migration and invasion, and induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. The integrin internalization induced by PKC was declined by FMNL2 silencing.

Conclusions:

Our study reveals that silencing FMNL2 suppresses growth and metastasis of gastric cancer cells. Modulation on integrin internalization may be implicated in the role of FMNL2 in growth and migration of gastric cancer cells. Our study indicates that FMNL2 may become a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Formin-like 2; Gastric cancer; Integrin internalization; Invasion; Migration; Proliferation

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