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Nephrology (Carlton). 2019 Jun;24(6):654-660. doi: 10.1111/nep.13412. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Clinical significance of isoagglutinin titre with the current desensitization protocol in ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Division of Nephrology, Department of Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

AIM:

ABO-incompatible (ABOi) kidney transplantation (KT) has become a routine procedure with graft survival rates comparable to those of ABO-compatible KT. However, the clinical significance of the isoagglutinin titre in ABOi KT remains uncertain. Therefore, in this study, we analysed the clinical outcomes of ABOi KT according to the baseline and post-operative isoagglutinin titre.

METHODS:

All patients who received ABOi KT between 2009 and 2013 were reviewed and followed up until December 2016. The patients were classified according to baseline (<1:128 or ≥1:128) and post-operative rebound isoagglutinin titre (<1:16 or ≥1:16), and the clinical outcomes of KT were compared.

RESULTS:

Patients with a high baseline isoagglutinin titre showed a poor titre reduction rate (1.48 ± 0.41 vs 1.32 ± 0.34, P = 0.008), and more patients experienced titre rebound ≥1:16 after KT (15.0% vs 35.8%, P = 0.002). The occurrence of both T-cell-mediated rejection and antibody-mediated rejection did not show a significant difference (P = 0.805 and 0.714, respectively). The rate of rejection-free survival was not different among groups (P = 0.680, log-rank test). Furthermore, the rate of death-censored graft survival was not different among groups (P = 0.701, log-rank test). Urinary tract infection was the most frequently reported infectious complication overall. The incidence of urinary tract infection, pneumonia and viral infections (BK virus and cytomegalovirus) was not different among groups.

CONCLUSION:

In conclusion, high baseline isoagglutinin titre was associated with a high rebound isoagglutinin titre, low titre reduction rates and more sessions of plasmapheresis. However, the isoagglutinin titre may not be as important as it was in the past in ABOi KT if appropriate desensitization is performed.

KEYWORDS:

ABO blood group; desensitization; isoagglutinin titre; kidney transplantation

PMID:
29877001
DOI:
10.1111/nep.13412

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