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Behav Genet. 2018 Jul;48(4):283-297. doi: 10.1007/s10519-018-9906-2. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Correlates of Positive Parenting Behaviors.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, 345 UCB Muenzinger D244, Boulder, CO, 80309-0345, USA. Kerri.woodward@colorado.edu.
2
Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA. Kerri.woodward@colorado.edu.
3
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, 345 UCB Muenzinger D244, Boulder, CO, 80309-0345, USA.
4
Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA.
5
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL, USA.
6
Psychology Department, Hamline University, St. Paul, MN, USA.
7
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, USA.

Abstract

The present study examined the influence of maternal and child characteristics on parenting behaviors in a genetically informative study. The participants were 976 twins and their mothers from the Colorado Longitudinal Twin Study and the Twin Infant Project. Indicators of positive parenting were coded during parent-child interactions when twins were 7-36 months old. Child cognitive abilities and affection were independent correlates of positive parenting. There were significant gender differences in the magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on positive parenting, with shared environmental influences on parenting of girls and additive genetic influences on parenting of boys. Girls received significantly more positive parenting than boys. Differences in etiology of positive parenting may be explained by developmental gender differences in child cognitive abilities and affection, such that girls may have more rewarding interactions with parents, evoking more positive parenting.

KEYWORDS:

Gene–environment correlation; Parenting; Twin study

PMID:
29876694
PMCID:
PMC6281807
DOI:
10.1007/s10519-018-9906-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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