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Neuroimage Clin. 2018 Mar 22;18:923-931. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2018.03.024. eCollection 2018.

Brain oscillations reveal impaired novelty detection from early stages of Parkinson's disease.

Author information

1
Neuropsychology Department, Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía Manuel Velasco Suárez (INNNMVS), Mexico.
2
School of Psychology, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico.
3
Neurodegenerative Diseases Clinical Research Unit, INNNMVS, Mexico.
4
Instituto de Neurobiología, UNAM, Mexico.

Abstract

The identification of reliable biomarkers for early diagnosis and progression tracking of neurodegenerative diseases has become an important objective in clinical neuroscience in the last years. The P3a event-related potential, considered as the neurophysiological hallmark of novelty detection, has been shown to be reduced in Parkinson's disease (PD) and proposed as a sensitive measure for illness duration and severity. Our aim for this study was to explore for the first time whether impaired novelty detection could be observed through phase- and time-locked brain oscillatory activity at early PD. Twenty-seven patients with idiopathic PD at early stages (disease duration <5 years and Hoehn and Yahr stage <3) were included. A healthy control group (n = 24) was included as well. All participants performed an auditory involuntary attention task including frequent and deviant tones while a digital EEG was obtained. A neuropsychological battery was administered as well. Time-frequency representations of power and phase-locked oscillations and P3a amplitudes were compared between groups. We found a significant reduction of power and phase locking of slow oscillations (3-7 Hz) for deviant tones in the PD group compared to controls in the P3a time range (300-550 ms). Also, reduced modulation of late induced (not phase locked) alpha-beta oscillations (400-650 ms, 8-25 Hz) was observed in the PD group after deviant tones onset. The P3a amplitude was predicted by years of evolution in the PD group. Finally, while phase-locked slow oscillations were associated with task behavioral distraction effects, induced alpha-beta activity was related to cognitive flexibility performance. Our results show that novelty detection impairment can be identified in neurophysiological terms from very early stages of PD, and such impairment increases linearly as the disease progresses. Also, induced alpha-beta oscillations underlying novelty detection are related to executive functioning.

KEYWORDS:

Biomarker; Novelty; Oscillations; P3a; Parkinson's disease

PMID:
29876277
PMCID:
PMC5988040
DOI:
10.1016/j.nicl.2018.03.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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