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Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2018 Sep-Oct;24(5):301-306. doi: 10.4103/sjg.SJG_46_18.

Correlated non-nuclear COX2 and low HER2 expression confers a good prognosis in colorectal cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Thoracoabdominal Radiotherapy, Cancer Center, The First People's Hospital of Foshan, Foshan, Guangdong, People's Republic China.

Abstract

Background/Aims:

COX2 and HER2 are shown to be critical in the regulation of cancer progression. However, the prognostic value of nuclear COX2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its relationship with HER2 still remains unknown. In this study, the expression and biological significance of COX2 and HER2 were evaluated in CRC at mRNA and protein levels.

Materials and Methods:

RNA-Seq data of CRC were downloaded from TCGA, and 229 CRC and 50 non-cancerous subjects were enrolled in this study. Bioinformatics and immunohistochemistry analysis was performed based on the obtained data. Survival analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with overall survival of CRC patients.

Results:

We showed that mRNA and protein levels of COX2 and HER2 were upregulated in CRC compared with the adjacent tissues. COX2 protein levels and nuclear COX2 expression were correlated with a poor prognosis of CRC patients. In addition, we also revealed that nuclear COX2 expression was positively associated with HER2 expression. Non-nuclear COX2 combined with low HER2 expression, was negatively correlated with Duke's stage and lymph node metastasis, predicting the best outcomes for CRC patients. In addition, our data indicated that non-nuclear COX2 combined with low HER2 expression is an independent prognostic factor for CRC after surgical resection.

Conclusion:

The study suggests that nuclear COX2 in combination with HER2 can serve as potential biomarkers for the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of CRC, and targeted inhibition of COX2 and HER2 might be an alternative strategy for the management of CRC.

KEYWORDS:

COX2; Colorectal cancer; HER2; nuclear COX2; prognosis

PMID:
29873317
PMCID:
PMC6151999
DOI:
10.4103/sjg.SJG_46_18
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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