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J Neurointerv Surg. 2019 Jan;11(1):49-56. doi: 10.1136/neurintsurg-2018-013943. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Stent-assisted coil embolization of anterior communicating artery aneurysms: safety, effectiveness, and risk factors for procedural complications or recanalization.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Chung-ang University Hospital, Chung-ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, The Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, The Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, The Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Neurosurgery, Dongguk University Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Ilsan, The Republic of Korea.
5
Department of Neurosurgery, Gwangju Christian Hospital, Gwangju, The Republic of Korea.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Stent-assisted coil (SAC) embolization is an alternative treatment option for anterior communicating artery (AcoA) aneurysms. This study was undertaken to assess the safety and effectiveness of SAC embolization in treating AcoA aneurysms and to determine risk factors for related procedural complications or recanalization.

METHODS:

Between August 2008 and December 2016, 184 patients with AcoA aneurysms were treated with SAC embolization. Cumulative medical record and radiologic data were analyzed using binary logistic regression to identify factors predisposing to procedural complications or recanalization.

RESULTS:

Contralateral A1 segment hypoplasia was observed in 59 patients (32.1%). Three types of stents (LVIS, Enterprise, and Neuroform) were variably placed by one of two routes: (1) ipsilateral A1 to ipsilateral A2 (75.5%) or (2) ipsilateral A1 to contralateral A2 (24.5%). Procedural complications occurred in 17 patients (thromboembolism 12; procedural leakage 3; both 2), showing a significant relation to subarachnoid hemorrhage at presentation (OR 57.750; P<0.01). Occlusion was documented immediately after embolization in 130 aneurysms (70.6%) and, in 23 (13.1%) of 175 AcoA aneurysms followed by angiography (median 25.9±18.5 months), recanalization developed (minor, 15; major, 8). Stent configuration (ipsilateral A1 to contralateral A2, P=0.024), maximum aneurysm size (>7 mm, P<0.01), and A1 segment hypoplasia (P=0.039) were identified as risk factors for recanalization.

CONCLUSION:

SAC embolization is a safe and effective method of treating unruptured AcoA aneurysms, regardless of anatomic or clinical features. However, in the event of rupture, procedural complications are likely. Stent configuration, aneurysm size, and A1 segment hypoplasia were identified as significant risk factors for recanalization.

KEYWORDS:

aneurysm; coil; intervention; stent

PMID:
29871991
DOI:
10.1136/neurintsurg-2018-013943
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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