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Development. 2018 Jul 17;145(14). pii: dev159368. doi: 10.1242/dev.159368.

Notch1 is asymmetrically distributed from the beginning of embryogenesis and controls the ventral center.

Author information

1
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Instituto de Biología Celular y Neurociencias 'Prof. E. De Robertis' (IBCN), Facultad de Medicina. Laboratorio de Embriología Molecular 'Prof. Dr. Andrés E. Carrasco', C1121ABG Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2
Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, IBDM, 13288 Marseille, France.
3
Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular (INGEBI), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), C1428ADN Buenos Aires, Argentina.
4
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Instituto de Biología Celular y Neurociencias 'Prof. E. De Robertis' (IBCN), Facultad de Medicina. Laboratorio de Embriología Molecular 'Prof. Dr. Andrés E. Carrasco', C1121ABG Buenos Aires, Argentina slopez@fmed.uba.ar.

Abstract

Based on functional evidence, we have previously demonstrated that early ventral Notch1 activity restricts dorsoanterior development in Xenopus We found that Notch1 has ventralizing properties and abolishes the dorsalizing activity of β-catenin by reducing its steady state levels, in a process that does not require β-catenin phosphorylation by glycogen synthase kinase 3β. In the present work, we demonstrate that Notch1 mRNA and protein are enriched in the ventral region from the beginning of embryogenesis in Xenopus This is the earliest sign of ventral development, preceding the localized expression of wnt8a, bmp4 and Ventx genes in the ventral center and the dorsal accumulation of nuclear β-catenin. Knockdown experiments indicate that Notch1 is necessary for the normal expression of genes essential for ventral-posterior development. These results indicate that during early embryogenesis ventrally located Notch1 promotes the development of the ventral center. Together with our previous evidence, these results suggest that ventral enrichment of Notch1 underlies the process by which Notch1 participates in restricting nuclear accumulation of β-catenin to the dorsal side.

KEYWORDS:

BMP; Dorsoventral development; Notch; Ventx; Wnt8a; Xenopus; Zebrafish; β-catenin

PMID:
29866901
DOI:
10.1242/dev.159368
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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